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PROTOCOL TO THE ANTARCTIC TREATY ON ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION Objectives ========== To reaffirm the status of the Antarctica as a special conservation area, and to enhance the framework for the protection of the Antarctic environment with its dependent and associated ecosystems. Summary of provisions ===================== (a) A statement of the environmental principles governing the conduct of States Parties in relation to the Antarctica. The basic principle is to protect the Antarctic environment and dependent and associated ecosystems as well as the intrinsic value of the Antarctica with its aesthetic values, as well as its status as a place of research (art. 3); (b) Requirement of cooperation among States Parties in the planning and conduct of activities in the Antarctic Treaty area (art. 6); (c) Prohibition of mineral resource enterprises in the Antarctic Treaty area, save for purposes of scientific research (art. 7); (d) Requirement of environmental impact assessment in the Antarctic Treaty area in respect of activities that are likely to entail significant adverse environmental consequences (art. 8); (e) Machinery is established for effecting consultation and monitoring in respect of activities undertaken by States Parties in the Antarctica (arts. 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14); (f) Responsibility is placed on States Parties for appropriate action to deal with any emergency that may ensue from their activities in the Antarctica (art. 15); (g) Obligation is placed on States parties to report annually on actions taken by them to implement the Protocol (art. 17); (h) Dispute settlement procedures are set out (arts. 18, 19 and 20); (i) The Protocol has a schedule on arbitration. (j) The Protocol has the following annexes: environment impact assessment; conservation of Antarctic fauna and flora; waste disposal and waste management; prevention of marine pollution. Membership ========== The Protocol is open to any State which is a Contracting Party to the Antarctic Treaty. Date of adoption 3.10.1991 Place of adoption Madrid, Spain Date of entry into force Not yet in force Languages English, French, Russian, Spanish. Depositary United States of America Participant Signature ----------- --------- Argentina 4.10.1991 Australia 4.10.1991 Austria 4.10.1991 Belgium 4.10.1991 Brazil 4.10.1991 Canada 4.10.1991 Chile 4.10.1991 China 4.10.1991 Colombia 4.10.1991 Democratic People's Republic of Korea 4.10.1991 Denmark 4.10.1991 Ecuador 4.10.1991 Finland 4.10.1991 France 4.10.1991 Germany 4.10.1991 Greece 4.10.1991 Hungary 4.10.1991 India 4.10.1991 Italy 4.10.1991 Netherlands 4.10.1991 New Zealand 4.10.1991 Norway 4.10.1991 Peru 4.10.1991 Poland 4.10.1991 Republic of Korea 4.10.1991 Romania 4.10.1991 Russian Federation 4.10.1991 South Africa 4.10.1991 Spain 4.10.1991 Sweden 4.10.1991 Switzerland 4.10.1991 United Kingdom 4.10.1991 United States of America 4.10.1991 Uruguay 4.10.1991 ***** .