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Accommodation of Crews Convention (Revised)

Entered into force 29 January 1953

PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

1. This Convention applies to every seagoing mechanically
propelled vessel, whether publicly or privately owned, which is
engaged in the transport of cargo or passengers for the purpose
of trade and is registered in a territory for which this
Convention is in force.

2. National laws or regulations shall determine when vessels are
to be regarded as seagoing vessels for the purpose of this
Convention.

3. This Convention does not apply to -

(a) vessels of less than 500 tons;

(b) vessels primarily propelled by sail but having auxiliary
engines;

(c) vessels engaged in fishing or in whaling or in similar
pursuits;

(d) tugs.

4. Provided that the Convention shall be applied where
reasonable and practicable to-

(a) vessels between 200 and 500 tons; and

(b) the accommodation of persons engaged in usual seagoing
routine in vessels engaged in whaling or in similar pursuits.

5. Provided also that any of the requirements contained in Part
III of this Convention may be varied in the case of any ship if
the competent authority is satisfied, after consultation with
the organizations of shipowners and/or the shipowners and with
the bona fide trade unions of seafarers, that the variations to
be made provide corresponding advantages as a result of which
the overall conditions are not less favourable than those which
would result from the full application of the provisions of the
Convention; particulars of all such variations shall be
communicated by the Member to the Director-General of the
International Labour Office, who shall notify the Members of the
International Labour Organization,

Article 2

In this Convention -

(a) the term "ship" means a vessel to which the Convention
applies;

(b) the term "tons" means gross register tons;

(c) the term "passenger ship" means a ship in respect of which
there is in force either (i) a safety certificate issued in
accordance with the provisions of the International Convention
for the Safety of Life at Sea for the time being in force or
(ii) a passenger certificate;

(d) the term "officer" means a person other than a master ranked
as an officer by national laws or regulations, or, in the
absence of any relevant laws or regulations, by collective
agreement or custom;

(e) the term "rating" means a member of the crew other than an
officer;

(f) the term "petty officer" means a rating serving in a
supervisory position or position of special responsibility who
is classed as petty officer by national laws or regulations, or,
in the absence of any relevant laws or regulations, by
collective agreement or custom;

(g) the term "crew accommodation" includes such sleeping rooms,
mess rooms, sanitary accommodation, hospital accommodation and
recreation accommodation as are provided for the use of the
crew;

(h) the term "prescribed" means prescribed by national laws or
regulations or by the competent authority;

(i) the term "approved" means approved by the competent
authority;

(j) the term "re-registered" means re-registered on the occasion
of a simultaneous change in the territory of registration and
ownership of the vessel.

Article 3

1. Each Member for which this Convention is in force undertakes
to maintain in force laws or regulations which ensure the
application of the provisions of Parts II, III and IV of this
Convention.

2. The laws or regulations shall -

(a) require the competent authority to bring them to the notice
of all persons concerned;

(b) define the persons responsible for compliance therewith;

(c) prescribe adequate penalties for any violation thereof;

(d) provide for the maintenance of a system of inspection
adequate to ensure effective enforcement;

(e) require the competent authority to consult the organizations
of shipowners and/or the shipowners and the recognized bona fide
trade unions of seafarers in regard to the framing of
regulations, and to collaborate so far as practicable with such
parties in the administration thereof.

PART II. PLANNING AND CONTROL OF CREW ACCOMMODATION

Article 4

1. Before the construction of a ship is begun a plan of the
ship, showing on a prescribed scale the location and general
arrangement of the crew accommodation, shall be submitted for
approval to the competent authority.

2. Before the construction of the crew accommodation is begun
and before the crew accommodation in an existing ship is altered
or reconstructed, detailed plans of, and information concerning,
the accommodation, showing on a prescribed scale and in
prescribed detail the allocation of each space, the disposition
of furniture and fittings, the means and arrangement of
ventilation, lighting and heating, and the sanitary
arrangements, shall be submitted for approval to the competent
authority: Provided that in the case of emergency or temporary
alterations or reconstruction effected outside the territory of
registration it shall be sufficient compliance with this
provision if the plans are subsequently submitted for approval
to the competent authority.

Article 5

On every occasion when -

(a) a ship is registered or re-registered,

(b) the crew accommodation of a ship has been substantially
altered or reconstructed, or

(c) complaint has been made to the competent authority in the
prescribed manner and in time to prevent any delay to the vessel
by a recognized bona fide trade union of seafarers representing
all or part of the crew or by a prescribed number or proportion
of the members of the crew of the ship that the crew
accommodation is not in compliance with the terms of this
Convention,

the competent authority shall inspect the ship and satisfy
itself that the crew accommodation complies with the
requirements of the laws and regulations.

PART III. CREW ACCOMMODATION REQUIREMENTS

Article 6

1. The location, means of access, structure and arrangement in
relation to other spaces of crew accommodation shall be such as
to ensure adequate security, protection against weather and sea,
and insulation from heat or cold, undue noise or effluvia from
other spaces.

2. There shall be no direct openings into sleeping rooms from
spaces for cargo and machinery or from galleys, lamp and paint
rooms or from engine, deck and other bulk storerooms, drying
rooms, communal wash places or water closets. That part of the
bulkhead separating such places from sleeping rooms and external
bulkheads shall be efficiently constructed of steel or other
approved substance and shall be watertight and gastight.

3. External bulkheads of sleeping rooms and mess rooms shall be
adequately insulated. All machinery casings and all boundary
bulkheads of galleys and other spaces in which heat is produced
shall be adequately insulated where there is a possibility of
resulting heat effects in adjoining accommodation or
passageways, Care shall also be taken to provide protection from
heat effects of steam and/or hot-water service pipes,

4. Internal bulkheads shall be of approved material which is not
likely to harbour vermin.

5. Sleeping rooms, mess rooms, recreation rooms and alleyways in
the crew accommodation space shall be adequately insulated to
prevent condensation or overheating.

6. Main steam and exhaust pipes for winches and similar gear
shall not pass through crew accommodation nor, whenever
technically possible, through alley-ways leading to crew
accommodation; where they do pass through such alley-ways they
shall be adequately insulated and encased.

7. Inside panelling or sheeting shall be of material with a
surface easily kept clean. Tongued and grooved boarding or any
other form of construction likely to harbour vermin shall not be
used.

8. The competent authority shall decide to what extent
fire-prevention or fire-retarding measures shall be required to
be taken in the construction of the accommodation.

9. The wall surface and deckheads in sleeping rooms and mess
rooms shall be capable of being easily kept clean and, if
painted, shall be light in colour; lime wash must not be used.

10. The wall surfaces shall be renewed or restored as necessary.

11. The decks in all crew accommodation shall be of approved
material and construction and shall provide a surface impervious
to damp and easily kept clean.

12. Where the floorings are of composition the joinings with
sides shall be rounded to avoid crevices.

13. Sufficient drainage shall be provided.

Article 7

1. Sleeping rooms and mess rooms shall be adequately ventilated.

2. The system of ventilation shall be controlled so as to
maintain the air in a satisfactory condition and to ensure a
sufficiency of air movement in all conditions of weather and
climate.

3. Ships regularly engaged on voyages in the tropics and the
Persian Gulf shall be equipped with both mechanical means of
ventilation and electric fans: Provided that one only of these
means need be adopted in spaces where this ensures satisfactory
ventilation.

4. Ships engaged outside the tropics shall be equipped with
either mechanical means of ventilation or electric fans. The
competent authority may exempt ships normally employed in the
cold waters of the northern or southern hemispheres from this
requirement.

5. Power for the operation of the aids to ventilation required
by paragraphs 3 and 4 shall, when practicable, be available at
all times when the crew is living or working on board and
conditions so require.

Article 8

1. An adequate system of heating the crew accommodation shall be
provided except in ships engaged exclusively in voyages in the
tropics and the Persian Gulf.

2. The heating system shall, when practicable, be in operation
at all times when the crew is living or working on board and
conditions require its use.

3. In all ships in which a heating system is required, the
heating shall be by means of steam, hot water, warm air or
electricity.

4. In any ships in which heating is provided by a stove,
measures shall be taken to ensure that the stove is of
sufficient size and is properly installed and guarded and that
the air is not fouled.

5. The heating system shall be capable of maintaining the
temperature in crew accommodation at a satisfactory level under
normal conditions of weather and climate likely to be met with
on service; the competent authority shall prescribe the standard
to be provided.

6. Radiators and other heating apparatus shall be so placed and,
where necessary, shielded as to avoid risk of fire or danger or
discomfort to the occupants.

Article 9

1. Subject to such special arrangements as may be permitted in
passenger ships, sleeping rooms and mess rooms shall be properly
lighted by natural light and shall be provided with adequate
artificial light.

2. All crew spaces shall be adequately lighted. The minimum
standard for natural lighting in living rooms shall be such as
to permit a person with a normal vision to read on a clear day
an ordinary newspaper in any part of the space available for
free movement. When it is not possible to provide adequate
natural lighting, artificial lighting of the above minimum
standard shall be provided.

3. In all ships electric lights shall be provided in the crew
accommodation, If there are not two independent sources of
electricity for lighting, additional lighting shall be provided
by properly constructed lamps or lighting apparatus for
emergency use.

4. Artificial lighting shall be so disposed as to give the
maximum benefit to the occupants of the room.

5. In sleeping rooms an electric reading lamp shall be installed
at the head of each berth.

Article 10

1. Sleeping rooms shall be situated above the load line
amidships or aft.

2. In exceptional cases the competent authority may, if the
size, type or intended service of the ship render any other
location unreasonable or impracticable, permit the location of
sleeping rooms in the fore part of the ship, but in no case
forward of the collision bulkhead.

3. In passenger ships the competent authority may, on condition
that satisfactory arrangements are made for lighting and
ventilation, permit the location of sleeping rooms below the
load line, but in no case immediately beneath working alley-ways
.

4. The floor area per person of sleeping rooms intended for
ratings shall be not less than -

(a) 20 sq. ft. or 1.85 sq. m. in vessels under 800 tons;

(b) 25 sq. ft. or 2.35 sq. m. in vessels of 800 tons or over,
but under 3,000 tons;

(c) 30 sq. ft. or 2.78 sq. m. in vessels of 3,000 tons or over;

Provided that, in the case of passenger ships in which more than
four ratings are berthed in one room, the minimum per person may
be 24 sq. ft. (2.22 sq. m.).

5. In the case of ships in which are employed such groups of
ratings as necessitate the employment of a substantially larger
number of ratings than would otherwise be employed, the
competent authority may, in respect of such groups, reduce the
minimum floor area of sleeping rooms per person, subject to the
conditions that-

(a) the total sleeping space allotted to the group or groups is
not less than would have been allotted had the numbers not been
so increased, and

(b) the minimum floor area of sleeping rooms is not less than -

(i) 18 sq. ft. (1.67 sq. m.) per person in ships under 3,000
tons;

(ii) 20 sq. ft. ( l.85 sq. m.) per person in ships of 3,000 tons
or over.

6. Space occupied by berths and lockers, chests of drawers and
seats shall be included in the measurement of the floor area.
Small or irregularly shaped spaces which do not add effectively
to the space available for free movement and cannot be used for
installing furniture shall be excluded.

7. The clear head room in crew sleeping rooms shall not be less
than 6 ft. 3 ins ( 190 cm.).

8. There shall be a sufficient number of sleeping rooms to
provide a separate room or rooms for each department: Provided
that the competent authority may relax this requirement in the
case of small ships.

9. The number of persons allowed to occupy sleeping rooms shall
not exceed the following maxima:

(a) officers in charge of a department, navigating and engineer
officers in charge

of a watch and senior radio officers or operators: one person
per room;

(b) other officers: one person per room wherever possible, and
in no case more than two;

(c) petty officers: one or two persons per room, and in no case
more than two;

(d) other ratings: two or three persons per room wherever
possible, and in no case more than four.

10. With a view to ensuring adequate and more comfortable
accommodation the competent authority may, after consultation
with the organizations of shipowners and/or the shipowners and
the bona fide trade unions of seafarers, grant permission to
accommodate up to ten ratings per sleeping room in the case of
certain passenger ships.

11. The maximum number of persons to be accommodated in any
sleeping room shall be indelibly and legibly marked in some
place in the room where it can conveniently be seen.

l2. Members of the crew shall be provided with individual
berths.

13. Berths shall not be placed side by side in such a way that
access to one berth can be obtained only over another.

14. Berths shall not be arranged in tiers of more than two; in
the case of berths placed along the ship's side, there shall be
only a single tier where a sidelight is situated above a berth.

15. The lower berth in a double tier shall be not less than 12
ins. (30 cm.) above the floor; the upper berth shall be placed
approximately midway between the bottom of the lower berth and
the lower side of the deckhead beams.

l6. The minimum inside dimensions of a berth shall be 6 ft. 3
ins. by 2 ft. 3 ins. (190 cm. by 68 cm.).

l7. The framework and the lee-board, if any, of a berth shall be
of approved material, hard, smooth, and not likely to corrode or
to harbour vermin.

18. If tubular frames are used for the construction of berths,
they shall be completely sealed and without perforations which
would give access to vermin.

19. Each berth shall be fitted with a spring bottom or a spring
mattress and with a mattress of approved material. Stuffing of
straw or other material likely to harbour vermin shall not be
used.

20. When one berth is placed over another a dust-proof bottom of
wood, canvas or other suitable material shall be fitted beneath
the spring bottom of the upper berth.

21. Sleeping rooms shall be so planned and equipped as to ensure
reasonable comfort for the occupants and to facilitate tidiness.

22. The furniture shall include a clothes locker for each
occupant. The clothes lockers shall be not less than 5 ft. ( 152
cm.) in height and of a cross-section area of 300 sq. ins. (
19.30 sq. decimeters) and shall be fitted with a shelf and a
hasp for a padlock. The padlock shall be provided by the
occupant.

23. Each sleeping room shall be provided with a table or desk,
which may be of the fixed, drop-leaf or slide-out type, and with
comfortable seating accommodation as necessary.

24. The furniture shall be of smooth, hard material not liable
to warp or corrode.

25. The drawer or equivalent space for each occupant shall be
not less than 2 cu. ft. (.056 cu. m.).

26. Sleeping rooms shall be fitted with curtains for the
side-lights.

27. Sleeping rooms shall be fitted with a mirror, small cabinets
for toilet requisites, a book rack and a sufficient number of
coat hooks.

28. As far as practicable, berthing of crew members shall be so
arranged that watches are separated and that no daymen share a
room with watch-keepers.

Article 11

1. Sufficient mess room accommodation shall be provided in all
ships.

2. In ships of less than 1,000 tons separate mess room
accommodation shall be provided for -

(a) master and officers;

(b) petty officers and other ratings.

3. In ships of l,000 tons and over, separate mess room
accommodation shall be provided for-

(a) master and officers;

(b) deck department petty officers and other ratings;

(c) engine department petty officers and other ratings;

Provided that

(i) one of the two mess rooms for the petty officers and other
ratings may be allotted to the petty officers and the other to
the other ratings;

(ii) a single mess room may be provided for deck and engine
department petty officers and other ratings in cases in which
the organizations of shipowners and/or shipowners and the
recognized bona fide trade unions of seafarers concerned have
expressed a preference for such an arrangement.

4. Adequate mess room accommodation shall be provided for the
catering department, either by the provision of a separate mess
room or by giving them the right to the use of the mess rooms
assigned to other groups; in the case of ships of 5,000 tons or
over with more than five persons in the catering department,
consideration shall be given to the provision of a separate mess
room,

5. The dimensions and equipment of each mess room shall be
sufficient for the number of persons likely to use it at any one
time.

6. Mess rooms shall be equipped with tables and approved seats
sufficient for the number of persons likely to use them at any
one time.

7. The competent authority may permit such exceptions to the
foregoing rules concerning mess room accommodation as may be
necessary to meet the special conditions in passenger ships.

8. Mess rooms shall be located apart from the sleeping rooms and
as close as practicable to the galley.

9. Where available pantries are not accessible to mess rooms,
adequate lockers for mess utensils and proper facilities for
washing utensils shall be provided.

10. The tops of tables and seats shall be of damp-resisting
material, without cracks and capable of being easily cleaned.

Article 12

1. In all ships a space or spaces to which the crew can have
access when off duty shall be provided on an open deck; the
space or spaces shall be of adequate area, having regard to the
size of the ship and the crew.

2. Recreation accommodation, conveniently situated and
appropriately furnished, shall be provided for officers and for
ratings. Where this is not provided separately from the mess
rooms the latter shall be planned, furnished, and equipped to
give recreational facilities.

Article 13

1 . Sufficient sanitary accommodation, including wash basins and
tub and/or shower baths, shall be provided in all ships.

2. The following minimum number of separate water closets shall
be provided -

(a) in ships of under 800 tons: three;

(b) in ships of 800 tons or over, but under 3,000 tons: four;

(c) in ships of 3,000 tons or over: six;

(d) in ships where the radio officers or operators are
accommodated in an isolated position, sanitary facilities near
or adjacent thereto shall be provided.

3. National laws or regulations shall prescribe the allocation
of water closets to various groups, subject to the provisions of
paragraph 4 of this Article.

4. Sanitary facilities for all members of the crew who do not
occupy rooms to which private facilities are attached shall be
provided for each group of the crew on the following scale -

(a) one tub and/or shower bath for every eight persons or less;

(b) one water closet for every eight persons or less;

(c) one wash basin for every six persons or less;

Provided that when the number of persons in a group exceeds an
even multiple of the specified number by less than one-half of
the specified number this surplus may be ignored for the purpose
of this paragraph.

5. When the total number of the crew exceeds 100 and in
passenger vessels normally engaged on voyages of not more than
four hours' duration, consideration may be given by the
competent authority to special arrangements or a reduction in
the number of facilities required.

6. Cold fresh water and hot fresh water or means of heating
water shall be available in all communal wash places. The
competent authority, in consultation with the organizations of
shipowners and/or the shipowners and with the recognized bona
fide trade unions of seafarers, may fix the maximum amount of
fresh water which the shipowner may be required to supply per
man per day.

7. Wash basins and tub baths shall be of adequate size and
constructed of approved material with a smooth surface not
liable to crack, flake or corrode.

8. All water closets shall have ventilation to the open air,
independently of any other part of the accommodation.

9. All water closets shall be of an approved pattern and
provided with an ample flush of water, available at all times
and independently controllable.

10. Soil pipes and waste pipes shall be of adequate dimensions
and shall be so constructed as to minimize the risk of
obstruction and to facilitate cleaning.

l1. Sanitary accommodation intended for the use of more than one
person shall comply with the following requirements:

(a) floors shall be of approved durable material, easily cleaned
and impervious to damp, and shall be properly drained;

(b) bulkheads shall be of steel or other approved material and
shall be watertight up to at least 9 ins. (23 cm.) above the
level of the deck;

(c) the accommodation shall be sufficiently lighted, heated and
ventilated;

(d) water closets shall be situated convenient to, but separate
from, sleeping rooms and wash rooms, without direct access from
the sleeping rooms or from a passage between sleeping rooms and
water closets to which there is no other access: Provided that
this requirement shall not apply where a water closet is located
in a compartment between two sleeping rooms having a total of
not more than four persons;

(e) where there is more than one water closet in a compartment,
they shall be sufficiently screened to ensure privacy.

12. In all ships facilities for washing and drying clothes shall
be provided on a scale appropriate to the size of the crew and
the normal duration of the voyage.

13. The facilities for washing clothes shall include suitable
sinks, which may be installed in wash rooms, if separate laundry
accommodation is not reasonably practicable, with an adequate
supply of cold fresh water and hot fresh water or means of
heating water.

14. The facilities for drying clothes shall be provided in a
compartment separate from sleeping rooms and mess rooms,
adequately ventilated and heated and equipped with lines or
other fittings for hanging clothes.

Article 14

1. In any ship carrying a crew of fifteen or more and engaged in
a voyage of more than three days' duration, separate hospital
accommodation shall be provided. The competent authority may
relax this requirement in respect of vessels engaged in coastal
trade.

2. The hospital accommodation shall be suitably situated, so
that it is easy of access and so that the occupants may be
comfortably housed and may receive proper attention in all
weathers.

3. The arrangement of the entrance, berths, lighting,
ventilation, heating and water supply shall be designed to
ensure the comfort and facilitate the treatment of the
occupants.

4. The number of hospital berths required shall be prescribed by
the competent authority.

5. Water closet accommodation shall be provided for the
exclusive use of the occupants of the hospital accommodation,
either as part of the accommodation or in close proximity
thereto.

6. Hospital accommodation shall not be used for other than
medical purposes .

7. An approved medicine chest with readily understandable
instructions shall be carried in every ship which does not carry
a doctor.

Article 15

1. Sufficiently and adequately ventilated accommodation for the
hanging of oilskins shall be provided outside but convenient to
the sleeping rooms.

2. In ships of over 3,000 tons one room for the deck department
and one room for the engine department shall be provided and
equipped for use as an office.

3. In ships regularly trading to mosquito-infested ports
provision shall be made to protect the crews' quarters against
the admission of mosquitoes by the fitting of suitable screens
to side scuttles, ventilators and doors to the open deck.

4. All ships trading regularly to or in the tropics and the
Persian Gulf shall be equipped with awnings for use over exposed
decks above crew accommodation and over recreation deck space or
spaces.

Article 16

1. In the case of the ships mentioned in paragraph 5 of Article
10 the competent authority may, in respect of the members of the
crew there referred to, modify the requirements laid down in the
foregoing articles as far as may be necessary to take account of
their distinctive national habits and customs and in particular
may make special arrangements concerning the number of persons
occupying sleeping rooms and concerning mess room and sanitary
facilities.

2. In modifying the said requirements the competent authority
shall be bound by the specifications set forth in paragraphs 1
and 2 of Article 10 and by the minimum sleeping space
requirements prescribed for such groups of ratings in paragraph
5 of Article 10.

3. In ships in which the crew in any department are persons of
widely different national habits and customs, separate and
appropriate sleeping and living accommodation shall be provided
as may be necessary to meet the requirements of the different
groups.

4. In the case of the ships mentioned in paragraph 5 of Article
10 the hospital, dining, bathing and sanitary facilities shall
be provided and maintained on a standard, in regard to their
quantity and practical usefulness, equal or comparable to that
which obtains aboard all other ships of similar type and
belonging to the same registry.

5. The competent authority shall, when framing special
regulations under this Article, consult the recognized bona fide
trade unions of seafarers concerned and the organizations of
shipowners and/or the shipowners employing them.

Article 17

1. Crew accommodation shall be maintained in a clean and
decently habitable condition and shall be kept free of goods and
stores not the personal property of the occupants.

2. The master, or an officer specially deputed for the purpose
by him, accompanied by one or more members of the crew, shall
inspect all crew accommodation at intervals of not more than one
week. The results of each such inspection shall be recorded.

PART IV. APPLICATION OF CONVENTION TO EXISTING SHIPS

Article 18

1. Subject to the provisions of paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of this
Article, this Convention applies to ships the keels of which are
laid down subsequent to the coming into force of the Convention
for the territory of registration.

2. In the case of a ship which is fully complete on the date of
the coming into force of this Convention for the territory of
registration and which is below the standard set by Part III of
this Convention, the competent authority may, after consultation
with the organizations of shipowners and/or the shipowners and
with the bona fide trade unions of seafarers, require such
alterations for the purpose of bringing the ship into conformity
with the requirements of the Convention as it deems possible,
having regard to the practical problems involved, to be made
when-

(a) the ship is re-registered;

(b) substantial structural alterations or major repairs are made
to the vessel as a result of long-range plans and not as a
result of an accident or emergency.

3. In the case of a ship in the process of building and/or
reconversion on the date of the coming into force of this
Convention for the territory of registration, the competent
authority may, after consultation with the organizations of
shipowners and/or the shipowners and with the bona fide trade
unions of seafarers, require such alterations for the purpose of
bringing the ship into conformity with the requirements of the
Convention as it deems possible having regard to the practical
problems involved; such alterations shall constitute final
compliance with the terms of this Convention, unless and until
the ship be re-registered.

4. In the case of a ship, other than such a ship as is referred
to in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article or a ship to which the
provisions of this Convention were applicable while she was
under construction, being re-registered in a territory after the
date of the coming into force of this Convention for that
territory, the competent authority may, after consultation with
the organizations of shipowners and/or the shipowners and with
the bona fide trade unions of seafarers, require such
alterations for the purpose of bringing the ship into conformity
with the requirements of the Convention as it deems possible
having regard to the practical problems involved; such
alterations shall constitute final compliance with the terms of
this Convention, unless and until the ship is again
re-registered.

Article 19

Nothing in this Convention shall affect any law, award, custom
or agreement between shipowners and seafarers which ensures more
favourable conditions than those provided for by this
Convention.

* * *

Article 21

1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of
the International Labour Organization whose ratifications have
been registered with the Director-General.

2. It shall come into force six months after the date on which
there have been registered ratifications by seven of the
following countries: United States of America, Argentine
Republic, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China,
Denmark, Finland, France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, Turkey and Yugoslavia,
including at least four countries each of which has at least one
million gross register tons of shipping. This provision is
included for the purpose of facilitating and encouraging early
ratification of the Convention by member States.

3. Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any
Member six months after the date on which its ratification has
been registered.