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Optional Protocol of Signature Concerning the Compulsory
Settlement of Disputes Arising out of the United Nations
Conference on the Law of the Sea

Done at Geneva 29 April 1958

Entered into force 30 September 1962

The States Parties to this Protocol and to any one or more of
the Conventions on the Law of the Sea adopted by the United
Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea held at Geneva from 24
February to 27 April 1958,

EXPRESSING their wish to resort, in all matters concerning them
in respect of any dispute arising out of the interpretation or
application of any article of any Convention on the Law of the
Sea of 29 April 1958, to the compulsory jurisdiction of the
International Court of Justice, unless some other form of
settlement is provided in the Convention or has been agreed upon
by the Parties within a reasonable period,

Have agreed as follows:

Article I

Disputes arising out of the interpretation or application of any
Convention on the Law of the Sea shall lie within the compulsory
jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice, and may
accordingly be brought before the Court by an application made
by any party to the dispute being a Party to this Protocol.

Article II

This undertaking relates to all the provisions of any Convention
on the Law of the Sea except, in the Convention on Fishing and
Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas, articles
4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, to which articles 9, 10, 11 and 12 of that
Convention remain applicable.

Article III

The Parties may agree, within a period of two months after one
party has notified its opinion to the other that a dispute
exists, to resort not to the International Court of Justice but
to an arbitral tribunal. After the expiry of the said period,
either Party to this Protocol may bring the dispute before the
Court by an application.

Article IV

1. Within the same period of two months, the Parties to this
Protocol may agree to adopt a conciliation procedure before
resorting to the International Court of Justice.

2. The conciliation commission shall make its recommendations
within five months after its appointment. If its recommendations
are not accepted by the parties to the dispute within two months
after they have been delivered, either party may bring the
dispute before the Court by an application.

Article V

This Protocol shall remain open for signature by all States who
become Parties to any Convention on the Law of the Sea adopted
by the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea and is
subject to ratification, where necessary, according to the
constitutional requirements of the signatory States.

Article VI

The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all
States who become Parties to any Convention on the Law of the
Sea of signatures to this Protocol and of the deposit of
instruments of ratification in accordance with article V.

Article VII

The original of this Protocol, of which the Chinese, English,
French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall
be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations,
who shall send certified copies thereof to all States referred
to in article V.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, being duly
authorized thereto by their respective Governments, have signed
this Protocol.

DONE at Geneva, this twenty-ninth day of April one thousand nine
hundred and fifty-eight.