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ASEAN AGREEMENT ON THE CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND 
NATURAL RESOURCES

Kuala Lumpur, 9 July 1985

The Government of Negara Brunei Darussalam, The 
Government of the Republic of Indonesia, The Government 
of Malaysia, The Government of the Republic of the 
Philippines, The Government of the Republic of Singapore 
and The Government of the Kingdom of Thailand, Member 
States of the Association of South East Asian Nations 
(ASEAN),

Recognizing the importance of natural resources for 
present and future generations;

Conscious of their ever-growing value from a scientific, 
cultural, social and economic point of view;

Conscious also that the interrelationship between 
conservation and socio-economic development implies both 
that conservation is necessary to ensure sustainability 
of development, and that socio-economic development is 
necessary for the achievement of conservation on a 
lasting basis;

Recognizing the interdependence of living resources, 
between them and with other natural resources, within 
ecosystems of which they are part;

Wishing to undertake individual and joint action for the 
conservation and management of their living resources and 
the other natural elements on which they depend;

Recognizing that international co-operation is essential 
to attain many of these goals;

Convinced that an essential means to achieve such 
concerted action is the conclusion and implementation of 
an Agreement;

Have agreed as follows:


Chapter I

CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT


Article 1

FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE

1. The Contracting Parties, within the framework of their 
respective national laws, undertake to adopt singly, or 
where necessary and appropriate through concerted action, 
the measures necessary to maintain essential ecological 
processes and life-support systems, to preserve genetic 
diversity, and to ensure the sustainable utilization of 
harvested natural resources under their jurisdiction in 
accordance with scientific principles and with a view to 
attaining the goal of sustainable development.

2. To this end they shall develop national conservation 
strategies, and shall co-ordinate such strategies within 
the framework of a conservation strategy for the Region.


Article 2

DEVELOPMENT PLANNING

1. The Contracting Parties shall take all necessary 
measures, within the framework of their respective 
national laws, to ensure that conservation and management 
of natural resources are treated as an integral part of 
development planning at all stages and at all levels.

2. To that effect they shall, in the formulation of all 
development plans, give as full consideration to 
ecological factors as to economic and social ones.

3. The Contracting Parties shall, where necessary, take 
appropriate action with a view to conserving and managing 
natural resources of significant importance for two or 
several Contracting Parties.


Chapter II

CONSERVATION OF SPECIES AND ECOSYSTEMS


Article 3

SPECIES — GENETIC DIVERSITY

1. The Contracting Parties shall, wherever possible, 
maintain maximum genetic diversity by taking action aimed 
at ensuring the survival and promoting the conservation 
of all species under their jurisdiction and control.

2. To that end, they shall adopt appropriate measures to 
conserve animal and plant species whether terrestrial, 
marine and freshwater, and more specifically:

(a) conserve natural, terrestrial, freshwater and coastal 
or marine habitats;

(b) ensure sustainable use of harvested species;

(c) protect endangered species;

(d) conserve endemic species; and

(e) take all measures in their power to prevent the 
extinction of any species or sub-species.

3. In order to fulfil the aims of the preceding paragraph 
of this Article the Contracting Parties shall, in 
particular, endeavour to:

(a) create and maintain protected areas;

(b) regulate the taking of species and prohibit 
unselective taking methods;

(c) regulate and, where necessary, prohibit the 
introduction of exotic species;

(d) promote and establish gene banks and other documented 
collections of animal and plant genetic resources.


Article 4

SPECIES — SUSTAINABLE USE

The Contracting Parties shall pay special attention to 
harvested species, and, to that effect, shall endeavour 
to:

1. Develop, adopt and implement management plans for 
those species, based on scientific studies and aiming at:

(a) preventing decrease in the size of any harvested 
population to levels below those which ensure its stable 
recruitment and the stable recruitment of those species 
which are dependent upon, or related to them;

(b) maintaining the ecological relationship between 
harvested, dependent and related populations of living 
resources of the ecosystem considered;

(c) restoring depleted populations to at least the levels 
referred to in sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph;

(d) preventing changes or minimizing risk of changes in 
the ecosystem considered which are not reversible over a 
reasonable period of time.

2. Take the appropriate and necessary legislative and 
administrative measures on harvesting activities in the 
light of their national interest whereby:

(a) such activities must conform to the management plans 
referred to above;

(b) the conduct of such activities is controlled by a 
permit system;

(c) all indiscriminate means of taking and the use of all 
means capable of causing local extinction of, or serious 
disturbance to, populations of a species or related 
species are prohibited;

(d) such activities are prohibited or strictly regulated 
at certain periods, seasons or places of importance in 
the life cycle of the species;

(e) such activities may be regulated more strictly, 
temporarily or locally in order to assist restoration of 
population levels or counterbalance any threat caused by 
special circumstances;

(f) special measures, such as restocking, are provided 
for whenever the conservation status of a species so 
warrants;

(g) trade and possession of specimens or products of 
specimens are regulated whenever such regulations 
meaningfully contribute to the implementation of the 
harvesting regulations.


Article 5 

SPECIES — ENDANGERED AND ENDEMIC

1. Appendix 1 to this Agreement shall list endangered 
species recognized by the Contracting Parties as of prime 
importance to the Region and deserving special attention. 
The Appendix shall be adopted by a meeting of the 
Contracting Parties.

Accordingly, Contracting Parties shall, wherever 
possible:

(a) prohibit the taking of these species, except for 
exceptional circumstances by special allowance from the 
designated authorities of the Contracting Parties;

(b) regulate the trade in and possession of specimens and 
products of those species accordingly;

(c) especially protect habitat of those species by 
ensuring that sufficient portions are included in 
protected areas.

(d) take all other necessary measures to improve their 
conservation status, and restore their populations to the 
highest possible level.

2. Each Contracting Party shall, wherever possible, apply 
the above measures to species endangered at national 
level.

3. The Contracting Parties recognize their special 
responsibility in respect of species that are endemic to 
areas under their jurisdiction and shall undertake 
accordingly to take, wherever possible, all the necessary 
measures to maintain the population of such species at 
the highest possible level.


Article 6 

VEGETATION COVER AND FOREST RESOURCES

1. The Contracting Parties shall, in view of the role of 
vegetation and forest cover in the functioning of natural 
ecosystems, take all necessary measures to ensure the 
conservation of the vegetation cover and in particular of 
the forest cover on lands under their jurisdiction.

2. They shall, in particular, endeavour to:

(a)—control clearance of vegetation;
—prevent bush and forest fires;
—prevent overgrazing by, inter alia, limiting grazing 
activities to periods and intensities that will not 
prevent regeneration of the vegetation;

(b) regulate mining and mineral exploration operations 
with a view to minimizing disturbance of vegetation and 
to requiring the rehabilitation of vegetation after such 
operations;

(c) set aside areas as forest reserves, inter alia, with 
a view to conserve the natural forest genetic resources;

(d) in reforestation and afforestation planning avoid as 
far as possible monoculture causing ecological imbalance;

(e) designate areas whose primary function shall be the 
maintenance of soil quality in the catchment considered 
and the regulation of the quantity and quality of the 
water delivered from it;

(f) ensure, to the maximum extent possible, the 
conservation of their natural forests, particularly 
mangroves, with a view, inter alia, to maintaining 
maximum forest species diversity;

(g) develop their forestry management plans on the basis 
of ecological principles with a view to maintaining 
potential for optimum sustained yield and avoiding 
depletion of the resource capital.


Article 7

SOIL

1. The Contracting Parties shall, in view of the role of 
soil in the functioning of natural ecosystems, take
measures, wherever possible towards soil conservation, 
improvement and rehabilitation; they shall, in 
particular, endeavour to take steps to prevent soil 
erosion and other forms of degradation, and promote 
measures which safeguard the processes of organic 
decomposition and thereby its continuing fertility.

2. To that effect, they shall, in particular, endeavour 
to:

(a) establish land use policies aimed at avoiding losses 
of vegetation cover, substantial soil losses, and damages 
to the structure of the soil;

(b) take all necessary measures to control erosion, 
especially as it may affect coastal or freshwater 
ecosystems, lead to siltation of downstream areas such as 
lakes or vulnerable ecosystems such as coral reefs, or 
damage critical habitats, in particular that of 
endangered or endemic species;

(c) take appropriate measures to rehabilitate eroded or 
degraded soils including rehabilitation of soil affected 
by mineral exploitation.


Article 8

WATER

1. The Contracting Parties shall, in view of the role of 
water in the functioning of natural ecosystems, take all 
appropriate measures towards the conservation of their 
underground and surface water resources.

2. They shall, to that effect, in particular, endeavour 
to:

(a) undertake and promote the necessary hydrological 
research especially with a view to ascertaining the 
characteristics of each watershed;

(b) regulate and control water utilization with a view to 
achieving sufficient and continuous supply of water for, 
inter alia, the maintenance of natural life supporting 
systems and aquatic fauna and flora;

(c) when planning and carrying out water resource 
development projects take fully into account possible 
effects of such projects on natural processes or on other 
renewable natural resources and prevent or minimize such 
effects.


Article 9

AIR

The Contracting Parties shall, in view of the role of 
air in the functioning of natural ecosystems, endeavour 
to take all appropriate measures towards air quality 
management compatible with sustainable development.


Chapter III

CONSERVATION OF ECOLOGICAL PROCESSES


Article 10

ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION

The Contracting Parties, with a view to maintaining the 
proper functioning of ecological processes, undertake, 
wherever possible, to prevent, reduce and control 
degradation of the natural environment and, to this end, 
shall endeavour to undertake, in addition to specific 
measures referred to in the following article:

(a) to promote environmentally sound agricultural 
practice by, inter alia, controlling the application of 
pesticides, fertilizers and other chemical products for 
agricultural use, and by ensuring that agricultural 
development schemes, in particular for wetland drainage 
or forest clearance, pay due regard to the need to 
protect critical habitats as well as endangered and 
economically important species;

(b) to promote pollution control and the development of 
environmentally sound industrial processes and products;

(c) to promote adequate economic or fiscal incentives for 
the purposes of sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) above;

(d) as far as possible to consider the originator of the 
activity which may lead to environmental degradation 
responsible for its prevention, reduction and control as 
well as, wherever possible, for rehabilitation and 
remedial measures required;

(e) to take into consideration, when authorizing 
activities likely to affect the natural environment, the 
foreseeable interactions between the new activities 
proposed and those already taking place in the same area, 
and the result of such interactions on the air, waters 
and soils of the area;

(f) to pay particular attention to the regulation of 
activities which may have adverse effects on processes 
which are ecologically essential or on areas which are 
particularly important or sensitive from an ecological 
point of view, such as the breeding and feeding grounds 
of harvested species.


Article 11

POLLUTION

The Contracting Parties, recognizing the adverse effect 
that polluting discharges or emissions may have on 
natural processes and the functioning of natural 
ecosystems as well as on each of the individual ecosystem 
components, especially animal and plants species, shall 
endeavour to prevent, reduce and control such discharges, 
emissions or applications in particular by:

(a) submitting activities likely to cause pollution of 
the air, soil, freshwater, or the marine environment, to 
controls which shall take into consideration both the 
cumulative effects of the pollutants concerned and the 
self-purificating aptitude of the recipient natural 
environment;

(b) making such controls conditional on, inter alia, 
appropriate treatment of polluting emissions; and

(c) establishing national environmental quality 
monitoring programmes, particular attention being paid to 
the effects of pollution on natural ecosystems, and co-
operation in such programmes for the Region as a whole.


Chapter IV

ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING MEASURES


Article 12 

LAND USE PLANNING

1. The Contracting Parties shall, wherever possible in 
the implementation of their development planning, give 
particular attention to the national allocation of land 
usage. They shall endeavour to take the necessary 
measures to ensure the integration of natural resource 
conservation into the land use planning process and 
shall, in the preparation and implementation of specific 
land use plans at all levels, give as full consideration 
as possible to ecological factors as to economic and 
social ones. In order to achieve optimum sustainable land 
use, they undertake to base their land use plans as far 
as possible on the ecological capacity of the land.

2. The Contracting Parties shall, in carrying out the 
provisions of paragraph 1 above, particularly consider 
the importance of retaining the naturally high 
productivity of areas such as coastal zones and wetlands.

3. They shall, where appropriate, co-ordinate their land 
use planning with a view to conserving and managing 
natural resources of significant importance for two or 
several Contracting Parties.


Article 13

PROTECTED AREAS

1. The Contracting Parties shall as appropriate 
establish, in areas under their jurisdiction, 
terrestrial, freshwater, coastal or marine protection 
areas for the purpose of safeguarding:

—the ecological and biological processes essential to 
the functioning of the ecosystems of the Region;
—representative samples of all types of ecosystem of 
the Region;
—satisfactory population levels for the largest 
possible number of species of fauna and flora 
belonging to those ecosystems;
—areas of particular importance because of their 
scientific, educational, aesthetic, or cultural 
interest;

and taking into account their importance in particular 
as:

—the natural habitat of species of fauna and flora, 
particularly rare or endangered or endemic species;
—zones necessary for the maintenance of exploitable 
stocks of economically important species;
—pools of genetic material and safe refuges for 
species, especially endangered ones;
—sites of ecological, aesthetic or cultural interest;
—reference sources for scientific research;
—areas for environmental education.

They shall, in particular, take all measures possible in 
their power to preserve those areas which are of an 
exceptional character and are peculiar to their country 
or the Region as well as those which constitute the 
critical habitats of endangered or rare species, of 
species that are endemic to a small area and of species 
that migrate between countries of Contracting Parties.

2. Protected areas established pursuant to this Agreement 
shall be regulated and managed in such a way as to 
further the objectives for the purpose of which they have 
been created. Contracting Parties shall, wherever 
possible, prohibit within such protected areas activities 
which are inconsistent with such objectives.

3. Protected areas shall include:

(a) National Parks:

(i) This expression denotes natural areas that are 
sufficiently large to allow for ecological self-
regulation of one or several ecosystems, and which have 
not been substantially altered by human occupation or 
exploitation.
(ii) National Parks shall be placed under public 
control, their boundaries shall not be altered nor shall 
any portion of any National Park be alienated except by 
the highest competent authority.
(iii) National Parks shall be dedicated to conservation 
and to scientific, educational and recreational uses and 
the common welfare of the people.

(b) Reserves:

(i) This expression denotes areas set aside for the 
purpose of preserving a specific ecosystem, the critical 
habitat of certain species of fauna or flora, a water 
catchment area or for any other specific purpose relating 
to the conservation of natural resources or objects or 
areas of scientific, aesthetic cultural, educational or 
recreational interest.
(ii) After reserves have been established their 
boundaries shall not be altered nor shall any portion of 
such reserves be alienated except by the authority 
establishing them or by higher authority.
(iii) Reserves shall be dedicated to the purposes for 
which they have been created and, in the light of the 
national interests of the Contracting Parties, any 
activity inconsistent with such purposes shall be 
prohibited.

4. Contracting Parties shall, in respect of any protected 
area established pursuant to this Agreement:

(a) prepare a management plan and manage the area on the 
basis of this plan;

(b) establish, wherever appropriate, terrestrial or 
aquatic buffer zones that shall be located around 
protected areas and which, in the case of marine areas, 
may include coastal land areas or watersheds of rivers 
flowing into the protected area; in such buffer zones all 
activities that may have harmful consequences on the 
ecosystems that such areas purport to protect shall be 
prohibited or regulated and activities which are 
consistent with the purpose of the protected area shall 
be promoted.

5. Contracting Parties shall, in respect of any protected 
area established pursuant to this Agreement, endeavour 
to:

(a) prohibit the introduction of exotic animal or plant 
species;

(b) prohibit the use or release of toxic substances or 
pollutants which could cause disturbance or damage to 
protected ecosystems or to the species they contain:

(c) to the maximum extent possible, prohibit or control 
any activity exercised outside protected areas when such 
an activity is likely to cause disturbance or damage to 
the ecosystems or species that such protected areas 
purport to protect.

6. Contracting Parties shall co-operate in the 
development of principles, objectives, criteria and 
guidelines for the selection, establishment and 
management of protected areas in the Region with a view 
to establishing a co-ordinated network of protected areas 
throughout the Region, giving particular attention to 
those of regional importance. An Appendix containing such 
principles, objectives, criteria and guidelines shall be 
drawn up in the light of the best scientific evidence as 
adapted to the conservation requirements of the Region 
and shall be adopted by a meeting of Contracting Parties.

7. In addition to the establishment of the protected 
areas referred to in paragraph 3 of this Article, 
Contracting Parties shall promote, through the adoption 
of appropriate measures, the conservation of natural 
areas by private owners, community or local authorities.


Article 14

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

1. The Contracting Parties undertake that proposals for 
any activity which may significantly affect the natural 
environment shall as far as possible be subjected to an 
assessment of their consequences before they are adopted, 
and they shall take into consideration the results of 
this assessment in their decision-making process.

2. In those cases where any such activities are 
undertaken, the Contracting Parties shall plan and carry 
them out so as to overcome or minimize any assessed 
adverse effects and shall monitor such effects with a 
view to taking remedial action as appropriate.


Chapter V

NATIONAL SUPPORTING MEASURES


Article 15

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

The Contracting Parties shall individually or in 
cooperation with other Contracting Parties or appropriate 
international organizations, promote and, whenever 
possible, support scientific and technical programmes of 
relevance to the conservation and management of natural 
resources, including monitoring research, the exchange of 
technical information and the evaluation of results.


Article 16

EDUCATION, INFORMATION AND PARTICIPATION OF THE PUBLIC, 
TRAINING

1. The Contracting Parties shall endeavour to promote 
adequate coverage of conservation and management of 
natural resources in education programmes at all levels.

2. They shall circulate as widely as possible information 
on the significance of conservation measures and their 
relationship with sustainable development objectives, and 
shall, as far as possible, organize participation of the 
public in the planning and implementation of conservation 
measures.

3. Contracting Parties shall endeavour to, individually 
or in co-operation with other Contracting Parties or 
appropriate international organizations, develop the 
programmes and facilities necessary to train adequate and 
sufficient scientific and technical personnel to fulfil 
the aims of this Agreement.


Article 17

ADMINISTRATIVE MACHINERY

1. The Contracting Parties shall identify or maintain the 
administrative machinery necessary to implement the 
provisions of this Agreement, and, where several 
governmental institutions are involved, create the 
necessary co-ordinating mechanism for the authorities 
dealing with designated aspects of the environment.

2. They shall endeavour to allocate sufficient funds to 
the task necessary for the implementation of this 
Agreement, as well as sufficient qualified personnel with 
adequate enforcement powers.


Chapter VI

INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION


Article 18

CO-OPERATIVE ACTIVITIES

1. The Contracting Parties shall co-operate together and 
with the competent international organizations, with a 
view to co-ordinating their activities in the field of 
conservation of nature and management of natural 
resources and assisting each other in fulfilling their 
obligations under this Agreement.

2. To that effect, they shall endeavour:

(a) to collaborate in monitoring activities;

(b) to the greatest extent possible, co-ordinate their 
research activities;

(c) to use comparable or standardized research
techniques and procedures with a view to obtaining
comparable data;

(d) to exchange appropriate scientific and technical
data, information and experience, on a regular basis;

(e) whenever appropriate, to consult and assist each 
other with regard to measures for the implementation of 
this Agreement.

3. In applying the principles of co-operation and
co-ordination set forth above, the Contracting
Parties shall foward to the Secretariat:

(a) information of assistance in the monitoring of
the biological status of the natural living resources of
the Region;

(b) information, including reports and publications
of a scientific, administrative or legal nature, and in
particular information on:

—measures taken by the Parties in pursuance of the 
provisions of this Agreement
—the status of species included in Appendix 1:
—any other matter to which the Conference of the 
Parties may give special priority.


Article 19

SHARED RESOURCES

1. Contracting Parties that share natural resources
shall co-operate concerning their conservation and
harmonious utilization, taking into account the
sovereignty, rights and interests of the Contracting
Parties concerned in accordance with generally
accepted principles of international law.

2. To that end, they shall, in particular:

(a) co-operate with a view to controlling, preventing, 
reducing or eliminating adverse environmental effects 
which may result in one Contracting Party from the 
utilization of such resources in another Party;

(b) endeavour to conclude bilateral or multilateral
agreements in order to secure specific regulation of
their conduct in respect of the resources concerned;

(c) as far as possible, make environmental
assessments prior to engaging in activities with
respect of shared natural resources which may create
a risk of significantly affecting the environment of
another sharing Contracting Party or other sharing 
Contracting Parties;

(d) notify in advance the other sharing Contracting
Party or the other sharing Contracting Parties of 
pertinent details of plans to initiate, or make a change 
in, the conservation of utilization of the resource which 
can reasonably be expected to affect significantly the 
environment in the territory of the other Contracting 
Party or Contracting Parties;

(e) upon request of the other sharing Contracting Party 
or sharing Contracting Parties, enter into consultation 
concerning the above-mentioned plans;

(f) inform the other sharing Contracting Party or other 
sharing Contracting Parties of emergency situations or 
sudden grave natural events which may have repercussions 
on their environment;

(g) whenever appropriate, engage in joint scientific 
studies and assessments with a view to facilitating co-
operation with regard to environmental problems related 
to a shared resource, on the basis of agreed data.

3. Contracting Parties shall especially co-operate 
together and, where appropriate, shall endeavour to co-
operate with other Contracting Parties, with a view to:

(a) the conservation and management of:

— border or contiguous protected areas;
— shared habitats of species listed in Appendix 1; 
— shared habitats of any other species of common 
concern;

(b) the conservation, management and, where applicable, 
regulation of the harvesting of species which constitute 
shared resources:

— by virtue of their migratory character, or
— because they inhabit shared habitats.


Article 20 

TRANSFRONTIER ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

1. Contracting Parties have in accordance with generally 
accepted principles of international law the 
responsibility of ensuring that activities under their 
jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the 
environment or the natural resources under the 
jurisdiction of other Contracting Parties or of areas 
beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.

2. In order to fulfil this responsibility, Contracting 
Parties shall avoid to the maximum extent possible and 
reduce to the minimum extent possible adverse 
environmental effects of activities under their 
jurisdiction or control, including effects on natural 
resources, beyond the limits of their national 
jurisdiction.

3. To that effect, they shall endeavour:

(a) to make environmental impact assessment before 
engaging in any activity that may create a risk of 
significantly affecting the environment or the natural 
resources of another Contracting Party or the environment 
or natural resources beyond national jurisdiction;

(b) to notify in advance the other Contracting Party or 
Contracting Parties concerned of pertinent details of 
plans to initiate, or make a change in, activities which 
can reasonably be expected to have significant effects 
beyond the limits of national jurisdiction;

(c) to enter into consultation concerning the above-
mentioned plans upon request of the Contracting Party or 
Contracting Parties in question;

(d) to inform the Contracting Party or Contracting 
Parties in question of emergency situations or sudden 
grave natural events which may have repercussion beyond 
national jurisdiction.

4. Contracting Parties shall, in particular, endeavour to 
refrain from actions which might directly or indirectly 
adversely affect wildlife habitats situated beyond the 
limits of national jurisdiction, especially habitats of 
species listed in Appendix 1 or habitats included in 
protected areas.


Chapter VII

INTERNATIONAL SUPPORTING MEASURES


Article 21 

MEETING OF THE CONTRACTING PARTIES

1. Ordinary meetings of the Contracting Parties shall be 
held at least once in three years, in as far as possible 
in conjunction with appropriate meetings of ASEAN, and 
extraordinary meetings shall be held at any other time, 
upon the request of one Contracting Party provided that 
such request is supported by at least one other Party.

2. It shall be the function of the meetings of the 
Contracting Parties, in particular:

(a) to keep under review the implementation of this 
Agreement and the need for other measures, in particular 
the Appendices;

(b) to adopt, review and amend as required any Appendix 
to this Agreement;

(c) to consider reports submitted by the Contracting 
Parties in accordance with Article 28 or any other 
information which may be submitted by a Party, directly 
or through the Secretariat;

(d) to make recommendations regarding the adoption of any 
Protocol or any amendment to this Agreement;

(e) to establish working groups or any other subsidiary 
body as required to consider any matter related to this 
Agreement;

(f) to consider and undertake any additional action, 
including the adoption of financial rules, that may be 
required for the achievement of the purposes of this 
Agreement.


Article 22

SECRETARIAT

On the coming into force of this Agreement the 
Contracting Parties shall designate the Secretariat 
responsible for carrying out the following functions:

(a) to convene and prepare the meetings of Contracting 
Parties;

(b) to convene diplomatic conferences for the purpose of 
adopting Protocols;

(c) to transmit to Contracting Parties notifications, 
reports and other information received in accordance with 
this Agreement;

(d) to consider inquiries by, and information from, the 
Contracting Parties, and to consult with them on 
questions relating to this Agreement;

(e) to perform such other functions as may be assigned to 
it by the Contracting Parties;

(f) to ensure the necessary co-ordination with other 
competent international bodies and in particular to enter 
into such administrative arrangements as may be required 
for the effective discharge of the secretariat functions.


Article 23

NATIONAL FOCAL POINTS

In order to facilitate communications with other Parties 
and the Secretariat, the Contracting Parties shall 
designate an appropriate national agency or institution 
responsible for co-ordinating matters arising from 
consultations and channelling communications between 
Contracting Parties or with the Secretariat.


Chapter VIII


Article 24

ADOPTION OF PROTOCOLS

1. The Contracting Parties shall co-operate in the 
formulation and adoption of Protocols to this Agreement, 
prescribing agreed measures, procedures and standards for 
the implementation of this Agreement.

2. The Contracting Parties, at a diplomatic conference, 
may adopt Protocols to this Agreement.

3. The Protocols of this Agreement shall be subject to 
acceptance and shall enter into force on the thirtieth 
day after the deposit with the Depositary of the 
instruments of Acceptance of all the Contracting Parties.


Article 25

AMENDMENT OF THE AGREEMENT

1. Any Contracting Party to this Agreement may propose 
amendments to the Agreement. Amendments shall be adopted 
by a diplomatic conference which shall be convened at the 
request of the majority of the Contracting Parties.

2. Amendments to this Agreement shall be adopted by a 
consensus of the Contracting Parties.

3. Acceptance of amendments shall be notified to the 
Depositary in writing and shall enter into force on the 
thirtieth day following the receipt by the Depositary of 
notification of the acceptance by all the Contracting 
Parties.

4. After the entry into force of an amendment to this 
Agreement any new Contracting Party to this Agreement 
shall become a Contracting Party to this Agreement as 
amended.


Article 26

APPENDICES AND AMENDMENTS TO APPENDICES

1. Appendices to this Agreement shall form an integral 
part of the Agreement.

2. Amendments to an Appendix:

(a) Any Contracting Party may propose amendments to an 
Appendix at a meeting of the Contracting Parties.

(b) Such amendments shall be adopted by a consensus of 
the Contracting Parties.

(c) The Depositary shall without delay communicate the 
amendment so adopted to all Contracting Parties.

3. The adoption and entry into force of a new Appendix to 
this Agreement shall be subject to the same procedure as 
for the adoption and entry into force of an amendment to 
an Appendix as provided for in paragraph 2 of this 
Article, provided that the new Appendix shall not enter 
into force until such time as the amendment to the 
Agreement enters into force.


Article 27

RULES OF PROCEDURE

The Contracting Parties shall adopt rules of procedure 
for their meetings.


Article 28

REPORTS

The Contracting Parties shall transmit to the 
Secretariat reports on the measures adopted in 
implementation of this Agreement in such form and at such 
intervals as the meetings of Contracting Parties may 
determine.


Article 29

RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER AGREEMENTS

The provisions of this Agreement shall in no way affect 
the rights and obligations of any Contracting Party with 
regard to any existing treaty, convention or agreement.


Article 30

SETTLEMENT AND DISPUTES

Any dispute between the Contracting Parties arising out 
of the interpretation or implementation of this Agreement 
shall be settled amicably by consultation or negotiation.


Article 31

RATIFICATION

This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by the 
Contracting Parties. The instruments of Ratification 
shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the 
ASEAN Secretariat, who shall assume the functions of 
Depositary.


Article 32

ACCESSION

1. After the entry into force of the Agreement, any 
Member State may accede to this Agreement, subject to 
prior approval by the Contracting Parties to this 
Agreement.

2. Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the 
Depositary.


Article 33

ENTRY INTO FORCE

1. This Agreement shall enter into force on the thirtieth 
day after the deposit of the sixth instrument of 
Ratification.

2. Thereafter, this Agreement shall enter into force with 
respect to any Contracting Party on the thirtieth day 
following the date of deposit of the instrument of 
accession by that Contracting Party.


Article 34

RESPONSIBILITY OF THE DEPOSITARY

The Depositary shall inform the Governments which have 
signed this Agreement:

(a) of the deposit of instruments of ratification, 
acceptance or accession;

(b) of the date on which the Agreement will come into 
force.


Article 35

DEPOSIT AND REGISTRATION

1. The present Agreement shall be deposited with the 
Depositary who shall transmit certified true copies 
thereof to the Governments of all Contracting Parties 
which have signed the present Agreement or acceded to it.

2. As soon as the present Agreement enters into force, 
the text shall be transmitted by the Depositary to the 
Secretary-General of the United Nations for registration 
and publication, in accordance with Article 102 of the 
Charter of the United Nations.


List of Species for Appendix 1 A

NO. SCIENTIFIC NAME                COMMON NAME

1.  Babyrousa babyrussa            Babirusa
2.  Balaenoptera musculus          Blue whale
3   Balaenoptera physalis          Fin whale
4.  Batagur baska                  River terrapin
5.  Bos gaurus                     Gaur
6.  Bos sauveli                    Kouprey
7.  Bubalus mindorensis            Tamaraw
8.  Cairina scutulata              White-winged wood duck
9.  Capricornis sumatraensis       Serow
10. Cervus eldi                    Eld's deer
11. Dermochelys coriacea           Leatherback turtle
12. Dicerorhinus sumatrensis       Sumatran rhinoceros
13. Ducula mindorensis             Mindoro imperial 
pigeon
14. Felis temmincki                Golden cat
15. Helarctos malayanus            Malayan honey bear
16. Hylobates agilis               Agile gibbon
17. Hylobates lar                  White-handed gibbon
18. Hylobates syndactylus          Siamang
19. Nasalis larvatus               Proboscis monkey
20. Neofelis nebulosa              Clouded leopard
21. Panthera pardus                Leopard 
22. Panthera tigris                Sumatran & Indochinese                                                    
.                                  tiger
23. Pithecopnaga jefferyi          Philippine eagle
24. Pitta kochi                    Koch's pitta 
25. Polyplectron emphanum          Palawan peacock              
.                                  pheasant
26. Pongo pygmaeus                 Orang-utan
27. Presbytis potenziani           Mentawai langur
28. Rhinoceros sondaicus           Javan rhinoceros
29. Rhinoplax vigil                Helmeted hornbill
30. Simias concolor                Snub-nosed monkey
31. Sotalia sinensis               Chinese white dolphin
32. Sousa borneensis               Indonesian white                                               
.                                  dolphin
33. Sula abbotti                   Abbott's booby
34. Tapirus indicus                Tapir 
35. Varanus komodoensis            Komodo dragon

FLORA
Raflessia spp.                     Raflessia


List of Species for Appendix 1 B

NO. SCIENTIFIC NAME                COMMON NAME

FAUNA

1.  Accipiter gularis              Japanese lesser 
sparrow .                                  hawk
2.  Accipiter nisus                European sparrow hawk
3.  Chilasa agestor agestor
4.  Felis chaus                    Jungle cat
5.  Felis minuta                   Leopard cat
6.  Felis viverrina                Fishing cat
7.  Geomyda spinosa                
8.  Hylobates muelleri             Grey gibbon
9.  Hylobates lepidus              Grey-cheeked flying                                            
.                                  squirrel       
10. Ichtyophaga ichtyaetus         Grey-headed fishing               
.                                  eagle
11. Macaca fascicularis            Long-tailed or                
.                                  crabeating macaque
12. Macaca nemestrina              Pig-tailed macaque
13. Macaca philippinesis
14. Microhierax caerulescers       Common falconet
15. Mimizuki gurneyi               Giant scops owl
16. Otus brookei                   Rajah's scops owl
17. Otus spilocephalus             Mountain scops owl
18. Presbytis cristata             Silvered leaf-monkey
19. Presbytis melalophos           Banded leaf-monkey
20. Presbytis obscura              Dusky leaf-monkey
21. Prionodon pardicolor           Spotted linsang
22. Pseudochelidon sirintarae      White-eyed river               
martin
23. Ptrogonoptera brookiana        Raja brooke's birdwing
24. Rafuta affinis                 Common giant squirrel
25. Ratufa bicolor                 Black giant squirrel
26. Sarkidiornis melanotos         Comb duck
27. Selenarctos thibetanus         Asiatic black bear
28. Spizaetus philippinensis       Philippine hawk eagle
29. Testudo elongata               Elongated tortoise
30. Testudo emys                   Giant asiatic tortoise
31. Testudo impressa               Impressed tortoise
32. Troides aeacus                 Birdwing butterfly
33. Troides cuneifer               Birdwing butterfly
34. Troides helena                 Common birdwing
35. Tyto alba                      Common barn owl
36. Varanus dumerili               Dumeril's monitor
37. Varanus rudicollis             Harlequin monitor
38. Zeuxidia aurelius              Satyrid butterfly