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Summary of the "Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in North-East Atlantic Fisheries" is available from the UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment.

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BH794.txt

         CONVENTION ON FUTURE MULTILATERAL CO-OPERATION 
             IN NORTH-EAST ATLANTIC FISHERIES (1980)

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 17 March 1982
[note: "degree" symbols replaced by 'deg']

The Contracting Parties,

Noting that the coastal States of the North-East Atlantic have, in
accordance with relevant principles of international law, extended their
jurisdiction over the living resources of the adjacent waters to limits
of up to two hundred nautical miles from the baselines from which the
breadth of the territorial sea is measured, and exercise within these
areas sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting,
conserving and managing these resources,

Taking into account the work of the Third United Nations Conference on
the Law of the Sea in the field of fisheries,

Desiring to promote the conservation and optimum utilization of the
fishery resources of the North-East Atlantic area within a framework
appropriate to the regime of extended coastal State jurisdiction over
fisheries, and accordingly to encourage international co-operation and
consultation with respect to these resources,

Considering that the North-East Atlantic Fisheries Convention of 24
January 1959 should accordingly be replaced,

Have agreed as follows:

                              Article 1

1. The area to which this Convention applies, hereinafter referred to as
'the Convention area', shall be the waters:

    (a) within those parts of the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans and their
dependent seas which lie north of 36deg north latitude and between 42deg
west longitude and 51deg east longitude, but excluding:

 (i) the Baltic Sea and the Belts lying to the south and east of lines
     drawn from Hasenore Head to Gniben Point, from Korshage to
     Spodsbierg and from Gilbierg Head to the Kullen, and
(ii) the Mediterranean Sea and its dependent seas as far as the point of
     intersection of the parallel of 36deg latitude and the meridian of
     5deg36' west longitude,

    (b) within that part of the Atlantic Ocean north of 59deg north
latitude and between 44deg west longitude and 42deg west longitude.

2. This Convention applies to all fishery resources of the Convention
area with the exception of sea mammals, sedentary species, i.e. organisms
which, at the harvestable stage, either are immobile on or under the
seabed or are unable to move except in constant physical contact with the
seabed or the subsoil and, in so far as they are dealt with by other
international agreements, highly migratory species and anadromous stocks.

                              Article 2

Nothing in this Convention shall be deemed to affect the rights, claims,
or views of any Contracting Party with regard to the limits or extent of
jurisdiction over fisheries.

                              Article 3

1. For the purposes of this Convention the Contracting Parties agree to
establish and maintain a North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission,
hereinafter referred to as 'the Commission'.

2. The Commission shall have legal personality and shall enjoy in its
relations with other international organizations and in the territories
of the Contracting Parties such legal capacity as may be necessary to
perform its functions and achieve its ends.

3. Each Contracting Party shall appoint to the Commission not more than
two representatives who may be accompanied at any of its meetings by
experts and advisers.

4. The Commission shall elect its own president and not more than two
vice-presidents.

5. The office of the Commission shall be in London.

6. Except when the Commission determines otherwise, it shall meet once a
year in London at such time as it decides; provided, however, that upon
the request of a Contracting Party and subject to the concurrence of
three other Contracting Parties, the President shall, as soon as
practicable, convene a meeting at such time and place as he may
determine.

7. The Commission shall appoint its own secretary and such other staff as
it may require.

8. The Commission may set up such committees and other subsidiary bodies
as it considers desirable for the exercise of its duties and functions.

9. Each Contracting Party shall have one vote in the Commission.
Decisions of the Commission shall be taken by a simple majority, or, if
this Convention specifically requires a qualified majority, by a two-
thirds majority of the votes of all Contracting Parties present and
casting affirmative or negative votes, provided that no vote shall be
taken unless there is a quorum of at least two-thirds of the Contracting
Parties. If there is an even division of votes on any matter which is
subject to a simple majority decision, the proposal shall be regarded as
rejected.

10. Subject to the provisions of this Article, the Commission shall adopt
its own Rules of Procedure, including provisions for the election of the
president and vice-presidents and their terms of office.

11. Reports of the proceedings of the Commission shall be transmitted as
soon as possible to the Contracting Parties in English and French.
 
                              Article 4

1. The Commission shall perform its functions in the interests of the
conservation and optimum utilization of the fishery resources of the
Convention area and shall take into account the best scientific evidence
available to it.

2. The Commission shall provide a forum for consultation and exchange of
information on the state of the fishery resources in the Convention area
and on management policies, including examination of the overall effect
of such policies on the fishery resources.

                              Article 5

1. The Commission shall as appropriate, make recommendations concerning
fisheries conducted beyond the areas under fisheries jurisdiction of
Contracting Parties. Such recommendations shall be adopted by a qualified
majority.

2. The Commission in the exercise of its functions under paragraph 1
shall seek to ensure consistency between:

    (a) any recommendation that applies to a stock or group of stocks
occurring both within an area under the fisheries jurisdiction of a
Contracting Party and beyond, or any recommendation that would have an
effect through species inter-relationships on a stock or group of stocks
occurring in whole or in part within an area under the fisheries
jurisdiction of a Contracting Party, and

    (b) any measures and decisions taken by such Contracting Party for
the management and conservation of that stock or group of stocks with
respect to fisheries conducted within the area under its fisheries
jurisdiction.

The appropriate Contracting Party and the Commission shall accordingly
promote the coordination of such recommendations, measures and decisions.

3. For the purpose of paragraph 2 each Contracting Party shall keep the
Commission informed of its measures and decisions.

                              Article 6

1. The Commission may make recommendations concerning fisheries conducted
within an area under fisheries jurisdiction of a Contracting Party,
provided that the Contracting Party in question so requests and the
recommendation receives its affirmative vote.

2. The Commission may give advice concerning fisheries referred to in
paragraph 1 if the Contracting Party in question so requests.

                              Article 7

In the exercise of its functions, as set out in Articles 5 and 6, the
Commission may consider inter alia measures for:

    (a) the regulation of fishing gear and appliances, including the size
of mesh of fishing nets,

    (b) the regulation of the size limits of fish that may be retained on
board vessels, or landed or exposed or offered for sale,

    (c) the establishment of closed seasons and of closed areas,

    (d) the improvement and increase of fishery resources, which may
include artificial propagation, the transplantation of organisms and the
transplantation of young,

    (e) the establishment of total allowable catches and their allocation
to Contracting Parties,

    (f) the regulation of the amount of fishing effort and its allocation
to Contracting Parties.

                              Article 8

1. The Commission may by a qualified majority make recommendations
concerning measures of control relating to fisheries conducted beyond
areas under the fisheries jurisdiction of Contracting Parties for the
purpose of ensuring the application of this Convention and any
recommendations adopted thereunder.

2. The Commission may also make recommendations concerning measures of
control relating to fisheries conducted within an area under the
fisheries jurisdiction of a Contracting Party, provided that the
Contracting Party in question so requests and the recommendation receives
its affirmative vote

3. Recommendations adopted under this Article may include provisions for
termination different from those provided for in Article 13.

                              Article 9

1. The Commission may by a qualified majority make recommendations
providing for the collection of statistical information relating to
fisheries conducted beyond areas under the fisheries jurisdiction of
Contracting Parties.

2. The Commission may also make recommendations providing for the
collection of statistical information relating to fisheries conducted
within an area under the fisheries jurisdiction of a Contracting Party,
provided that the recommendation receives the affirmative vote of that
Contracting Party.

                              Article 10

When adopting recommendations the Commission shall determine whether, and
under which conditions, those recommendations shall apply to fishing
operations conducted solely for the purpose of scientific investigation
carried out according to relevant principles and rules of international
law.

                              Article 11

1. The Commission shall, without undue delay, notify the Contracting
Parties of the recommendations adopted by the Commission under this
Convention.

2. The Commission may publish or otherwise disseminate reports of its
activities and other information relating to the fisheries in the
Convention area.

                              Article 12

1. A recommendation shall become binding on the Contracting Parties
subject to the provisions of this Article and shall enter into force on a
date determined by the Commission, which shall not be before 30 days
after the expiration of the period or periods of objection provided for
in this Article.

2. (a) Any Contracting Party may, within 50 days of the date of
notification of a recommendation adopted under paragraph 1 of Article 5,
under paragraph 1 of Article 8 or under paragraph 1 of Article 9, object
thereto. In the event of such an objection, any other Contracting Party
may similarly object within 40 days after receiving notification of that
objection. If any objection is made within this further period of 40
days, other Contracting Parties are allowed a final period of 40 days
after receiving notification of that objection in which to lodge
objections.

    (b) A recommendation shall not become binding on a Contracting Party
which has objected thereto.

    (c) If three or more Contracting Parties have objected to a
recommendation it shall not become binding on any Contracting Party.

    (d) Except when a recommendation is not binding on any Contracting
Party according to the provisions of subparagraph (c), a Contracting
Party which has objected to a recommendation may at any time withdraw
that objection and shall then be bound by the recommendation within 70
days, or as from the date determined by the Commission under paragraph 1,
whichever is the later.

    (e) If a recommendation is not binding on any Contracting Party, two
or more Contracting Parties may nevertheless at any time agree among
themselves to give effect thereto, in which event they shall immediately
notify the Commission accordingly.

3. In the case of a recommendation adopted under paragraph 1 of Article
6, under paragraph 2 of Article 8, or under paragraph 2 of Article 9,
only the Contracting Party exercising fisheries jurisdiction in the area
in question may, within 60 days of the date of notification of the
recommendation, object thereto, in which case the recommendation shall
not become binding on any Contracting Party.

4. The Commission shall notify the Contracting Parties of any objection
and withdrawal immediately upon the receipt thereof, and of the entry
into force of any recommendation and of the entry into effect of any
agreement made pursuant to subparagraph (e) of paragraph 2.

                              Article 13

1. (a) After the expiration of one year from the date of entry into force
of a recommendation adopted under paragraph 1 of Article 5, paragraph 1
of Article 8 or paragraph 1 of Article 9, any Contracting Party may
notify the Commission of the termination of its acceptance of the
recommendation and, if that notification is not withdrawn, the
recommendation shall cease to be binding on that Contracting Party at the
end of one year from the date of notification.

    (b) A recommendation which has ceased to be binding on a Contracting
Party shall cease to be binding on any other Contracting Party 30 days
after the date on which the latter notifies the Commission of the
termination of its acceptance of the recommendation.

2. In the case of recommendations adopted under paragraph 1 of Article 6,
paragraph 2 of Article 8 or paragraph 2 of Article 9, only the
Contracting Party exercising fisheries jurisdiction in the area in
question may notify the Commission of termination of its acceptance of
the recommendation, in which event it shall cease to be binding on any
Contracting Party at the end of 90 days from the date of the
notification.

3. The Commission shall notify the Contracting Parties of any
notification under this Article immediately upon the receipt thereof.

                              Article 14

1. In the interest of the optimal performance of the functions set out in
Articles 4, 5 and 6, the Commission shall seek information and advice
from the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Such
information and advice shall be sought on matters related to the
Commission's activities and falling within the competence of the Council
including information and advice on the biology and population dynamics
of the fish species concerned, the state of the fish stocks, the effect
of fishing on those stocks, and measures for their conservation and
management.
2. In order to facilitate the tasks of the International Council for the
Exploration of the Sea in providing information and advice to the
Commission the Commission shall seek to establish in co-operation with
the Council, arrangements to ensure that research studies for this
purpose, including joint studies, are encouraged and conducted
efficiently and without undue delay.

3. The Commission may establish working arrangements with any other
international organization which has related objectives.

                              Article 15

1. Without prejudice to the rights of Contracting Parties in regard to
waters under their fisheries jurisdiction, the Contracting Parties shall
take such action, including the imposition of adequate sanctions for
infractions, as may be necessary to make effective the provisions of this
Convention and to implement any recommendation which becomes binding
under Article 12.

2. Each Contracting Party shall transmit to the Commission an annual
statement of the actions it has taken pursuant to paragraph 1.

                              Article 16

1. Each Contracting Party shall inform the Commission of its legislative
measures and of any agreements which it may have concluded, in so far as
those measures and agreements relate to the conservation and utilization
of fishery resources in the Convention area.

2. Each Contracting Party shall furnish on the request of the Commission
any available scientific and statistical information needed for the
purposes of this Convention and such additional information as may be
required under Article 9.

                              Article 17

1. Each Contracting Party shall pay the expenses of its own delegation to
all meetings held under this Convention.

2. At its first meeting the Commission shall adopt a budget for its first
financial year. At this meeting the Commission may also, as appropriate,
adopt a budget for the second financial year.

3. At each annual session the Commission shall adopt a budget for the
following financial year and a budget estimate for the financial year
following thereafter. A draft budget and draft budget estimate shall be
submitted by the President of the Commission to the Contracting Parties
not less than 40 days before the meeting of the Commission at which they
are to be considered.

4. The Commission shall determine the contributions due from each
Contracting Party under the annual budgets according to the following
formula:

    (a) one-third of the budget shall be divided equally among the
Contracting Parties;

    (b) two-thirds of the budget shall be divided among the Contracting
Parties in proportion to their nominal catches in the Convention area, on
the basis of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
definitive catch statistics for the calendar year ending not more than 24
and not less than 18 months before the beginning of the budget year;

    (c) however, the annual contribution of any Contracting Party which
has a population of less than 300 000 inhabitants shall be limited to a
maximum of 5% of the total budget. When this contribution is so limited,
the remaining part of the budget shall be divided among the other
Contracting Parties in accordance with subparagraphs (a) and (b). This
rule shall be effective for the first five budget years of the Commission
and thereafter it shall be subject to annual review by the Commission
which may change it by a decision adopted by a three-fourths majority of
all Contracting Parties.

5. The Commission shall notify each Contracting Party of the contribution
due from that Party as determined under paragraph 4 and of the date as
determined by the Commission by which this contribution shall be paid.

6. The contribution of a Contracting Party which has acceded to this
Convention during the course of a financial year shall, in respect of
that year, be a part proportional to the number of complete months
remaining in the year of the annual contribution calculated in accordance
with paragraph 4.

7. Contributions shall be payable in the currency of the country in which
the office of the Commission is located.

8. A Contracting Party which has not paid by the date determined by the
Commission its contributions for two years shall not enjoy the right of
casting votes and of making objections under this Convention until it has
fulfilled its obligations, unless, at the request of the Contracting
Party concerned, the Commission decides otherwise.

9. The Commission shall adopt rules for the conduct of its financial
affairs.

                              Article 18

By a qualified majority the Commission may subdivide the Convention area
into regions and may alter the boundaries and vary the number of regions
provided that the decision receives the affirmative vote of each
Contracting Party exercising fisheries jurisdiction in any part of the
area affected.

                              Article 19

1. Any Contracting Party may propose amendments to this Convention. Any
such proposed amendment shall be sent to the Secretary at least 90 days
prior to the meeting at which the Contracting Party proposes it to be
acted upon. The Secretary shall transmit the proposal immediately to the
Contracting Parties.

2. The adoption of a proposed amendment requires a three-fourths majority
of all Contracting Parties. The text of any proposed amendment so adopted
shall be transmitted by the Commission to the Depositary which shall
forthwith forward it to the Contracting Parties.

3. An amendment shall take effect for the Contracting Parties 120 days
following the date of the notification by the Depositary of receipt of
written notification of approval by three-fourths of all Contracting
Parties, unless any other Contracting Party notifies the Depositary,
within 90 days of the date of the notification by the Depositary of such
receipt, that it objects to the amendment, in which case the amendment
shall not take effect for any Contracting Party. A Contracting Party
which has objected to an amendment may at any time withdraw its
objection. If all objections to an amendment are withdrawn, the amendment
shall take effect for the Contracting Parties 120 days following the date
of the notification by the Depositary of receipt of the last withdrawal.

4. A Party which ratifies, accepts, approves or accedes to this
Convention after an amendment has been adopted in accordance with
paragraph 2 shall be deemed to have approved the said amendment.

5. The Depositary shall promptly notify the Contracting Parties of the
receipt of notifications of approval of amendments, the receipt of
notification of objection or withdrawal of objections, and the entry into
force of amendments.

                              Article 20

1. The Convention shall be open for signature from 18 November 1980 to 28
February 1981 by the following Parties: Bulgaria, Cuba, Denmark in
respect of the Faroe Islands, the European Economic Community, Finland,
the German Democratic Republic, Iceland, Norway, Poland, Portugal Spain,
Sweden and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. It shall be ratified,
accepted, or approved as soon as possible and the instruments of
ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the
Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,
referred to in this Convention as 'the Depositary'.

2. This Convention shall enter into force upon the deposit of instruments
of ratification, acceptance or approval by not less than seven
signatories, provided that these include at least three signatories
exercising fisheries jurisdiction within the Convention area. If,
however, this Convention has not entered into force one year from the
date on which this Convention is opened for signature, but not less than
five signatories have deposited instruments of ratification, acceptance
or approval, including at least three signatories exercising fisheries
jurisdiction within the Convention area, these signatories may agree
among themselves, by special protocol on the date on which this
Convention shall enter into force; in that case this Convention shall
enter into force with respect to any Party that ratifies, accepts or
approves thereafter on the date of deposit of its instrument of
ratification, acceptance or approval.

3. Any of the Parties referred to in paragraph 1 which has not signed
this Convention may accede thereto at any time after it has entered into
force in accordance with paragraph 2.

4. Any State not referred to in paragraph 1, except a Member State of the
European Economic Community, may accede to this Convention at any time
after it has entered into force in accordance with paragraph 2, provided
that an application for accession of that State meets with the approval
of three-fourths of all the Contracting Parties.

An application for accession shall be addressed in writing to the
Depositary which shall notify all Contracting Parties thereof. The
application is approved if within 90 days from the date of such
notification three-fourths of all the Parties in respect of which this
Convention has already entered into force by that date have notified the
Depositary of their approval of the application.

The Depositary shall notify the State applying for accession and all
Contracting Parties of the result of the application.

5. Accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of
accession with the Depositary and shall take effect on the date of its
receipt. As from that date any Party which accedes to this Convention
shall be bound by the recommendations which are, at the time of its
accession, binding on all the other Contracting Parties as well as by any
other recommendations which are, at that time, binding on one or more of
the Contracting Parties and are not specifically excluded by the acceding
Party in its instrument of accession.

6. The Depositary shall inform all signatories and all acceding Parties
of all instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession
deposited, and shall notify signatories of the date and the Parties in
respect of which this Convention enters into force.

7. The Depositary shall call the first meeting of the Commission as soon
as practicable after the entry into force of this Convention and shall
communicate the provisional agenda to each Contracting Party.

                              Article 21

At any time after two years from the date on which this Convention has
entered into force with respect to a Contracting Party, that Party may
denounce the Convention by means of a notification in writing addressed
to the Depositary. Any such denunciation shall take effect twelve months
after the date of its receipt, and shall be notified to the Contracting
Parties by the Depositary.

                              Article 22

This Convention, of which the English and French texts are equally
authentic, shall be deposited with the Government of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The Depositary shall transmit duly
certified copies to the signatories and acceding Parties, and shall
register the Convention in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of
the United Nations.