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Summary of the "International Plant Protection Convention" is available from the UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment.

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INTERNATIONAL PLANT PROTECTION CONVENTION

Rome, 6 December 1951


PREAMBLE

The contracting Governments, recognizing the usefulness of 
international co-operation in controlling pests and diseases of 
plants and plant products and in preventing their introduction and 
spread across national boundaries, and desiring to ensure close 
co-ordination of measures directed to these ends, have agreed as 
follows:


Article I

PURPOSE AND RESPONSIBILITY

1. With the purpose of securing common and effective action to 
prevent the introduction and spread of pests and diseases of 
plants and plant products and to promote measures for their 
control, the contracting Governments undertake to adopt the 
legislative, technical and administrative measures specified in 
this Convention and in supplementary agreements pursuant to 
Article III.

2. Each contracting Government shall assume responsibility for the 
fulfilment within its territories of all requirements under this 
Convention.


Article II

SCOPE

1. For the purposes of this Convention the term "plant" shall 
comprise living plants and parts thereof, including seeds in so 
far as the supervision of their importation under Article VI of 
the Convention or the issue of phytosanitary certificates in 
respect of them under Articles IV(1), (a) (iv) and V of this 
Convention may be deemed necessary by contracting Governments; and 
the term "plant products" shall comprise unmanufactured and milled 
material of plant origin, including seeds in so far as they are 
not included in the term "plants".

2. The provisions of this Convention may be deemed by contracting 
Governments to extend to storage places, containers, conveyances, 
packing material and accompanying media of all sorts including 
soil involved in the international transportation of plants and 
plant products.

3. This Convention shall have particular reference to pests and 
diseases of importance to international trade.


Article III

SUPPLEMENTARY AGREEMENTS

1. Supplementary agreements applicable to specific regions, to 
specific pests and diseases, to specific plants and plant 
products, to specific methods of international transportation of 
plants and plant products, or otherwise supplementing the 
provisions of this Convention, may be proposed by the Food and 
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (hereinafter 
referred to as "FAO") on the recommendation of a contracting 
Government or on its own initiative, to meet special problems of 
plant protection which need particular attention or action.

2. Any such supplementary agreements shall come into force for 
each contracting Government after acceptance in accordance with 
the provisions of the FAO Constitution and Rules of Procedure.


Article IV

NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR PLANT PROTECTION

1. Each contracting Government shall make provision, as soon as 
possible and to the best of its ability, for

a) an official plant protection organization, with the following 
main functions:

(i) the inspection of growing plants, of areas under 
cultivation (including fields, plantations, nurseries, gardens and 
greenhouses), and of plants and plant products in storage and in 
transportation particularly with the object of reporting the 
existence, outbreak and spread of plant diseases and pests and of 
controlling those pests and diseases;

(ii) the inspection of consignments of plants and plant 
products moving in international traffic and, as far as 
practicable, the inspection of consignments of other articles or 
commodities moving in international traffic under conditions where 
they may act incidentally as carriers of pests and diseases of 
plants and plant products, and the inspection and supervision of 
storage and transportation facilities of all kinds involved in 
international traffic whether of plants and plant products or of 
other commodities, particularly with the object of preventing the 
dissemination across national boundaries of pests and diseases of 
plants and plant products;

(iii) the disinfestation or disinfection of consignments of 
plants and plant products moving in international traffic, and 
their containers, storage places, or transportation facilities of 
all kinds employed;

(iv) the issue of certificates relating to phytosanitary 
condition and origin of consignments of plants and plant products 
(hereinafter referred to as "phytosanitary certificates");

b) the distribution of information within the country regarding 
the pests and diseases of plants and plant products and the means 
of their prevention and control;

c) research and investigation in the field of plant protection.

2. Each contracting Government shall submit a description of the 
scope of its national organization for plant protection and of 
changes in such organization to the Director-General of FAO, who 
shall circulate such information to all contracting Governments.


Article V

PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATES

1. Each contracting Government shall make arrangements for the 
issue of phytosanitary certificates to accord with the plant 
protection regulations of other contracting Governments, and in 
conformity with the following provisions:

a) Inspection shall be carried out and certificate issued only by 
or under the authority of technically qualified and duly 
authorized officers and in such circumstances and with such 
knowledge and information available to those officers that the 
authorities of importing countries may accept such certificates 
with confidence as dependable documents.

b) Each certificate covering materials intended for planting or 
propagation shall be as worded in the Annex to this Convention and 
shall include such additional declarations as may be required by 
the importing country. The model certificate may also be used for 
other plants or plant products where appropriate and not 
inconsistent with the requirements of the importing country.

c) The certificates shall bear no alterations or erasures.

2. Each contracting Government undertakes not to require 
consignments of plants intended for planting or propagation 
imported into its territories to be accompanied by phytosanitary 
certificates inconsistent with the model set out in the Annex to 
this Convention.


Article VI

REQUIREMENTS IN RELATION TO IMPORTS

1. With the aim of preventing the introduction of diseases and 
pests of plants into their territories, contracting Governments 
shall have full authority to regulate the entry of plants and 
plant products, and to this end, may:

a) prescribe restrictions or requirements concerning the 
importation of plants or plant products;

b) prohibit the importation of particular plants or plant 
products, or of particular consignments of plants or plant 
products;

c) inspect or detain particular consignments of plants or plant 
products;

d) treat, destroy or refuse entry to particular consignments of 
plants or plant products, or require such consignments to be 
treated or destroyed.

2. In order to minimize interference with international trade, 
each contracting Government undertakes to carry out the provisions 
referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article in conformity with the 
following:

a) Contracting Governments shall not, under this plant protection 
legislation, take any of the measures specified in paragraph 1 of 
this Article unless such measures are made necessary by 
phytosanitary considerations.

b) If a contracting Government prescribes any restrictions or 
requirements concerning the importation of plants and plant 
products into its territories, it shall publish the restrictions 
or requirements and communicate them immediately to the plant 
protection services of other contracting Governments and to FAO.

c) If a contracting Government prohibits, under the provisions of 
its plant protection legislation, the importation of any plants or 
plant products, it shall publish its decision with reasons and 
shall immediately inform the plant protection services of other 
contracting Governments and FAO.

d) If a contracting Government requires consignment of particular 
products to be imported only through specified points of entry, 
such points shall be so selected as not unnecessarily to impede 
international commerce. The contracting Government shall publish a 
list of such points of entry and communicate it to the plant 
protection services of other contracting Governments and to FAO. 
Such restrictions on points of entry shall not be made unless the 
plants or plant products concerned are required to be accompanied 
by phytosanitary certificates or to be submitted to inspection or 
treatment.

e) Any inspection by the plant protection service of a contracting 
Government of consignments of plants offered for importation shall 
take place as promptly as possible with due regard to the 
perishability of the plants concerned. If any consignment is found 
not to conform to the requirements of the plant protection 
legislation of the importing country, the plant protection service 
of the exporting country shall be informed. If the consignment is 
destroyed, in whole or in part, an official report shall be 
forwarded immediately to the plant protection service of the 
exporting country.

f) Contracting Governments shall make provisions which, without 
endangering their own plant production, will reduce to a minimum 
the number of cases in which a phytosanitary certificate is 
required on the entry of plants or plant products not intended for 
planting, such as cereals, fruits, vegetables and cut flowers.

g) Contracting Governments may make provision for the importation 
for purposes of scientific research of plants and plant products 
and of specimens of plant pests and disease-causing organisms 
under conditions affording ample precaution against the risk of 
spreading plant diseases and pests.

3. The measures specified in this Article shall not be applied to 
goods in transit throughout the territories of contracting 
Governments unless such measures are necessary for the protection 
of their own plants.


Article VII

INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION

The contracting Governments shall co-operate with one another to 
the fullest practicable extent in achieving the aims of this 
Convention, in particular as follows:

a) Each contracting Government agrees to co-operate with FAO in 
the establishment of a world reporting service on plant diseases 
and pests, making full use of the facilities and services of 
existing organizations for this purpose, and, when this is 
established, to furnish to FAO periodically the following 
information:

(i) reports on the occurrence, outbreak and spread of 
economically important pests and diseases of plants and plant 
products which may be of immediate or potential danger;

(ii) information on means found to be effective in controlling 
the pests and diseases of plants and plant products.

b) Each contracting Government shall, as far as is practicable, 
participate in any special campaigns for combating particular 
destructive pests or diseases which may seriously threaten crop 
production and need international action to meet the emergencies.


Article VIII

REGIONAL PLANT PROTECTION ORGANIZATION

1. The contracting Governments undertake to co-operate with one 
another in establishing regional plant protection organizations in 
appropriate areas.

2. The regional plant protection organizations shall function as 
the co-ordinating bodies in the areas covered and shall 
participate in various activities to achieve the objectives of 
this Convention.


Article IX

SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

1. If there is any dispute regarding the interpretation or 
application of this Convention, or if a contracting Government 
considers that any action by another contracting Government is in 
conflict with the obligations of the latter under Articles V and 
VI of this Convention, especially regarding the basis of 
prohibiting or restricting the imports of plants or plant products 
coming from its territories, the Government or Governments 
concerned may request the Director-General of FAO to appoint a 
committee to consider the question in dispute.

2. The Director-General of FAO shall thereupon, after consultation 
with the Governments concerned, appoint a committee of experts 
which shall include representatives of those Governments. This 
committee shall consider the question in dispute, taking into 
account all documents and other forms of evidence submitted by the 
Governments concerned. This committee shall submit a report to the 
Director-General of FAO who shall transmit it to the Governments 
concerned, and to other contracting Governments.

3. The contracting Governments agree that the recommendations of 
such a committee, while not binding in character, will become the 
basis for renewed consideration by the Governments concerned of 
the matter out of which the disagreement arose.

4. The Governments concerned shall share equally the expenses of 
the experts.


Article X

SUBSTITUTION OF PRIOR AGREEMENTS

This Convention shall terminate and replace, between contracting 
Governments, the International Convention respecting measures to
be taken against the Phylloxera vastatrix of 3 November 1881, the 
additional Convention signed at Berne on 15 April 1889 and the 
International Convention for the Protection of Plants signed at 
Rome on 16 April 1929.


Article XI

TERRITORIAL APPLICATION

1. Any Government may at the time of ratification or adherence or 
at any time thereafter communicate to the Director-General of FAO 
a declaration that this Convention shall extend to all or any of 
the territories for the international relations of which it is 
responsible, and this Convention shall be applicable to all 
territories specified in the declaration as from the thirtieth day 
after the receipt of the declaration by the Director-General.

2. Any Government which has communicated to the Director-General 
of FAO a declaration in accordance with paragraph 1 of this 
Article may at any time communicate a further declaration 
modifying the scope of any former declaration or terminating the 
application of the provisions of the present Convention in respect 
of any territory. Such modification or termination shall take 
effect as from the thirtieth day after the receipt of the 
declaration by the Director-General.

3. The Director-General of FAO shall inform all signatory and 
adhering Governments of any declaration received under this 
Article.


Article XII

RATIFICATION AND ADHERENCE

1. This Convention shall be open for signature by all Governments 
until 1 May 1952 and shall be ratified at the earliest possible 
date. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the 
Director-General of FAO, who shall give notice of the date of 
deposit to each of the signatory Governments.

2. As soon as this Convention has come into force in accordance 
with Article XIV, it shall be open for adherence by non-signatory 
Governments. Adherence shall be effected by the deposit of an 
instrument of adherence with the Director-General of FAO, who 
shall notify all signatory and adhering Governments.


Article XIII

AMENDMENT

1. Any proposal by a contracting Government for the amendment of 
this Convention shall be communicated to the Director-General of 
FAO.

2. Any proposal amendment of this Convention received by the 
Director-General of FAO from a contracting Government shall be 
presented to a regular or special session of the Conference of FAO 
for approval and, if the amendment involves important technical 
changes or imposes additional obligations on the contracting 
Governments, it shall be considered by an advisory committee of 
specialists convened by FAO prior to the Conference.

3. Notice of any proposed amendment of this Convention shall be 
transmitted to the contracting Governments by the Director-General 
of FAO not later than the time when the agenda of the session of 
the Conference at which the matter is to be considered is 
dispatched.

4. Any such proposed amendment of this Convention shall require 
the approval of the Conference of FAO and shall come into force as 
from the thirtieth day after acceptance by two-thirds of the 
contracting Governments. Amendments involving new obligations for 
contracting Governments, however, shall come into force in respect 
of each contracting Government only on acceptance by it and as 
from the thirtieth day after such acceptance.

5. The instruments of acceptance of amendments involving new 
obligations shall be deposited with the Director-General of FAO, 
who shall inform all contracting Governments of the receipt of 
acceptances and the entry into force of amendments.


Article XV

DENUNCIATION

1. Any contracting Government may at any time give notice of 
denunciation of this Convention by notification addresed to the 
Director-General of FAO. The Director-General shall at once inform 
all signatory and adhering Governments.

2. Denunciation shall take effect one year from the date of 
receipt of the notification by the Director-General of FAO.

 Done at Rome, Italy on the sixth day of December, one thousand 
nine hundred and fifty-one, in a single copy in the English, 
French and Spanish languages, each of which shall be of equal 
authenticity. The document shall be deposited in the archives of 
the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 
Certified copies shall be transmitted by the Director-General of 
the Food and Agriculture to each signatory and adhering 
Government.

In Witness Whereof the undersigned duly authorized to that 
effect, have signed this Convention on behalf of their respective 
Governments on the dates appearing opposite their signatures.


ANNEX

Model Phytosanitary Certificate

Plant Protection Service of .............................


No.  ....................................................


This is to certify that the plants, parts of plants or plant 
products described below or representative samples of them were 
thoroughly examined on
(date) ......................


by (name)  ........................
an authorized officer of the (service) ...................

..........................................................

and were found to the best of his knowledge to be substantially 
free from injurious diseases and pests, and that the consignment 
is believed to conform with the current phytosanitary regulations 
of the importing country both as stated in the additional 
declaration hereon and otherwise.
______________________________________________________________
Fumigation or disinfection treatment (if required by importing 
country):


Date  ...................................

Duration of exposure ....................

Treatment  ..............................

Chemical and concentration   ............

.........................................
_________________________________________
Additional declaration

       ..............19 ....

       .....................
             (Signature)

       .....................
               (Rank)


(Stamp of 
the Service)


Description of the Consignment

Name and address of exporter: ................................


Name and address of consignee:  ..............................


Number and description of packages: ..........................

Distinguishing marks: ........................................

Origin (if required by importing country):

..............................................................

Means of conveyance: .........................................

Point of entry: ..............................................

Quantity and name of produce: ................................

Botanical name (if required by importing country):

..............................................................