This data access service is provided by the Center  for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), which operates the Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) for the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Service Providers

Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators (ENTRI) -- Full Text


Summary of the "Convention for the Establishment of the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization" is available from the UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment.

See the ENTRI query system for information about the status of this treaty.


See the ENTRI thematic guide for more information about the relationships between environmental treaties, national resource indicators, and remotely sensed data.
Disclaimer: ENTRI data providers make every effort to ensure the accuracy, reliability, and completeness of the texts and other information included in this collection; however, neither CIESIN nor the ENTRI data providers verify or guarantee the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of the contents of ENTRI. If you encounter an error, please notify us by e-mail to entri@ciesin.org.


CONVENTION FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE EUROPEAN 
AND MEDITERRANEAN PLANT PROTECTION ORGANIZATION

of 18 April 1951, as amended by the Council on 27 
April 1955

Paris, 27 April 1955

   The Governments parties to the present Convention, 
being conscious of the importance of international co-
operation in the prevention of the introduction and 
spread of pests and disease of plants and plant 
products, and desiring to continue and extend the work 
formerly done in this field by the International 
Committee for the Control of the Colorado Beetle and by 
the European Working Party or Infestation Control, have 
agreed  as follows:


Article I

ORGANIZATION

   There shall be established a European and 
Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (hereinafter 
referred to as the Organization), which takes over the 
assets and liabilities of the above mentioned Committee 
and Working Party.


Article II

DEFINITION

   For the purpose of the present Convention the term 
"plants and plant products" means "living plants and 
parts of plants unmanufactured materials of plant 
origin, and food products milled from plants and parts 
of plants".


Article III

MEMBERSHIP

a) Membership of the Organization shall be open to the 
following by adherence to the present Convention 
according to the provisions of Article XX:

l. the Governments of the countries in Schedule III

2.  the Government of any other country which the 
Council of the Organization may decide to invite to 
become a member

b) The Government of any territory about which a 
declaration has been made under the terms of Article XXI 
may be admitted to membership by the Council of the 
Organization, but only on the proposal of the Member who 
made the declaration. Any such decision shall require a 
two-thirds majority of the votes cast. Territories so 
admitted shall be such as can in the opinion of the 
Council make a definite and individual contribution to 
the work of the Organization.


Article IV

SEAT

a) The seat of the Organization shall be in Paris.

b) Meetings of the Organization shall normally take 
place at its seat.


Article V

FUNCTIONS

a) The functions of the Organization shall be:
 1) to act, in agreement with the Food and Agriculture 
Organization of the United Nations, as a recognised 
regional plant protection organisation under Article 
VIII of the International Plant Protection Convention of 
6 December 1951;

2) to advise Member Governments on the technical, 
administrative and legislative measures necessary to 
prevent the introduction and spread of pests and 
diseases of plants and plant products;

3) to assist Member Governments where necessary in 
carrying out such measures;

4) where practicable, to co-ordinate and stimulate 
international campaigns against pests and diseases of 
plants and plant products;

5) to obtain information from Member Governments on 
the existence, outbreak and spread of pests and diseases 
of plants and plant products, and convey such 
information to Member Governments;

6) to provide for the exchange of information on 
national phytosanitary legislation, or other measures 
affecting the free movements of plants and plant 
products;

7) to study the possibility of simplification and 
unification of phytosanitary regulations and 
certificates;

8) to facilitate co-operation in research on the pests 
and diseases of plants and plant products and the 
methods of control and in the exchange of relevant 
scientific information;

9) to establish a documentation service and publish in 
an appropriate form material for publicity purposes or 
for technical or scientific advancement as may be 
determined by the Organization;

10) to make recommendations to Member Governments or 
any of the matters referred to in this Article;

11) generally to take all necessary and appropriate 
action to achieve the purposes of the Organization.

b) The functions of the Organization shall be related 
principally but not exclusively to the pests and 
diseases specified in Schedule II.


Article  VI

OBLIGATIONS OF MEMBER GOVERNMENTS

   Member Governments shall furnish to the Organization 
so far as is practicable such information as the 
Organization may reasonably require in order to carry 
out its functions.


Article VII

RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER ORGANIZATIONS

  The Organization shall co-operate with the Food and 
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and with 
other bodies with related responsibilities and shall use 
its best endeavours to prevent overlapping of 
activities.


Article VIII

STRUCTURE OF THE ORGANIZATION

The Organization shall consist of:

a) the Council;

b)  the administration, comprising the Executive 
Committee, the Director-General and the staff; 

c) the Accounts Veritification Panel;

d) the technical bodies (working parties and 
international conferences).


Article IX

THE COUNCIL

a) The Council of the Organization shall consist of 
representatives of Member Governments.

Each Member Government shall be entitled to appoint 
one representative to the Council and one alternate.

Representatives and alternates appointed by Member 
Governments may be accompanied by associates and 
advisers.

b) Each Member Government shall have one vote in the 
Council.


Article X

SESSIONS OF THE COUNCIL

a) The Council shall ordinarily meet in regular session 
once in each year.

b) Extraordinary sessions of the Council shall be called 
at any time when the Chairman is so requested in writing 
by at least one third of the Member Governments.


Article XI

RULES

  The Council shall establish its Rules of Procedure 
and the financial Rules of the Organization.


Article XII

OBSERVERS

   With the consent of the Council, any nonmember 
Government and any international body whose 
responsibilities are related to those of the 
Organization may be represented at any session of the 
Council by one or more observers without the right to 
vote.


Article XIII

FUNCTIONS OF THE COUNCIL

The Council shall:

a)  consider and decide upon the progress report of the 
Director-General on the work of the Organization since 
the preceding regular session of the Council;

b) consider and approve the policies and programme of 
activity of the Organization; 

c) consider and approve the budget;

d) consider and approve the annual accounts and balance-
sheet;

e) set up the ad hoc  or permanent technical bodies;

f) consider and decide upon the reports of such 
technical bodies; 

g) hold the statutory elections;

h) appoint the Director-General on such terms as it may 
determine;

i) decide upon any proposals submitted by the Executive 
Committee.


Article XIV

THE CHAIRMAN AND VICE-CHAIRMAN

a) The Council shall elect a Chairman and a Vice-
Chairman from amongst representatives of Member 
Governments serving on the Executive Committee.

b) The Chairman and Vice-Chairman shall be elected for 
three years or the remainder of their current term on 
the Executive Committee (whichever is the shorter) and 
be eligible for reelection if that term should be 
renewed.

c) The Chairman and Vice-Chairman shall serve in the 
same capacity within both the Council and the Executive 
Committee.


Article XV

THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

a) The Executive Committee shall be composed of the 
Chairman and Vice-Chairman and of seven other 
representatives of Member Governments elected by the 
Council.

b) Members of the Executive Committee shall normally 
hold office for three years and be eligible for re-
election.

c) If a vacancy occurs in the Executive Committee before 
the expiration of the term of appointment, the Executive 
Committee shall ask a Member Government to appoint a 
representative to fill the vacancy for the remainder of 
the term.

d) The Executive Committee shall meet at least twice a 
year.


Article XVI

FUNCTIONS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

The Executive Committee shall:
a) submit proposal for the Organization's policies and 
programme of activity to the Council;

b) ensure that the activity of the Organization conforms 
with the decisions of the Council;

c) submit the draft budget and the annual accounts and 
the balance-sheet to the Council; the Executive 
Committee may approve a provisional budget pending its 
consideration by the Council;

d) undertake such other tasks as may be assigned to it 
under this Convention or entrusted to it by the Council;

e) adopt its own procedure.


Article XVII

THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL

The Director-General shall:

a) be the head of the secretariat of the Organization, 
which functions under his responsibility;

b) carry out the programme approved by the Council and 
such task as may be entrusted to him by the Executive 
Committee;

c ) report at each regular session of the Council on the 
activity of the Organization and the financial position.


Article XVIII

FINANCE

a) The expenditure of the Organization shall be met by 
annual contributions from Member Governments according 
to the scale specified in Schedule 1, and by such other 
receipts as may be approved by the Council or the 
Executive Committee,

b) Each Member Government shall determine the amount of 
its contribution, which shall be in accordance with the 
provisions of the foregoing paragraph save in 
exceptional cases approved by the Council,

c) Annual contributions shall be payable at the 
beginning of the Organization's financial year.

d) The contributions of Member Governments shall be paid 
in currencies to be determined by the Executive 
Committee with the approval of the contributing 
Governments concerned.

e) Supplementary contributions may be paid by an 
individual Government or group of Governments towards 
special schemes or campaigns of control, which the 
Organization may carry out in the interest of that 
Government or group of Governments.

f) An Accounts Verification Panel composed of 
representatives of three Member Governments elected by 
the Council for three years shall each year examine the 
accounts and the management of the Organization. The 
Panel shall report to the Council. The Executive 
Committee may appoint chartered accountants to audit the 
accounts of the Organization.


Article XIX

AMENDMENTS

a) Texts of proposed amendments to the present 
Convention and to Schedules I and II thereto shall be 
communicated by the Director-General to Member 
Governments at least three months in advance of their 
consideration by the Council.

b) Amendments to the Convention shall come into effect 
when adopted by a two thirds majority of the members of 
the Council present and voting, provided that amendments 
involving new obligations for Member Governments shall 
come into force in respect of each such Government only 
on acceptance by it.

c) Amendments to Schedules I and II shall be made by a 
majority of members present and voting.

d) Acceptance of amendments shall be deposited with the 
French Government who shall inform all Member 
Governments of the receipt of acceptance and the entry 
into force of amendments.


Article XX

SIGNATURE AND ACCEPTANCE

a) The present Convention shall remain open for 
signature or acceptance and Governments to which 
membership of the Organization is open by virtue of the 
provisions of Article III may become parties to the 
Convention by:

1) Signature; 

2) Signature subject to ratification

4) Acceptance.

b) Acceptance shall be effected by the deposit of an 
instrument with the French Government.

c) The French Government shall immediately inform all 
Governments of the date on which each has signed or 
accepted the Convention.


Article XXI

TERRITORIAL APPLICATION

a) Any Government may at any time declare that its 
participation in the Convention includes all or any of 
the territories for whose international relations it is 
responsible. Such declaration shall be deposited with 
the French Government.

b) Any declaration made by a Government under the 
preceding paragraph shall take effect on the thirtieth 
day following its receipt by the French Government.

c) The French Government shall immediately inform all 
Governments parties to the Convention of declarations 
made under this Article.


Article XXII

WITHDRAWAL

a) Any Member Government may at any time after two years 
of membership withdraw from this Convention by giving 
written notice of withdrawal to the French Government. 
The withdrawal shall take effect one year from the date 
of receipt of the notification.

b) The non-payment of two consecutive annual 
contributions shall under normal conditions imply the 
withdrawal from the Convention of the defaulting Member 
Government.

c) The application of the Convention to a territory or 
territories under Article XXI may be terminated by 
written notificaion to the French Government by the 
participating Government responsible for the 
international relations of such territory or 
territories. The notification shall take effect a year 
from the date of its receipt.

d) The French Government shall immediately inform all 
participating Governments of notification given under 
this Article.


Article XXIII

ENTRY INTO FORCE

a) The present Convention shall enter into force on the 
date on which five Governments have become parties 
thereto in accordance with the provisions of Article XX.

b) The French Government shall immediately inform all 
Governments which have signed or accepted the Convention 
of the date of entry into force of the Convention.

   In faith whereof the undersigned, duly authorised by 
their Governments, have signed the present Convention 
and Schedules thereto.

   Done in Paris this 18th day of April 1951 in a 
single copy, which will remain deposited in the archives 
of the French Government.

SCHEDULES

PESTS AND DISEASES TO BE GIVEN SPECIAL ATTENTION 
BY THE ORGANIZATION

with the dates of their inclusion in the Schedule (see 
Article V (b))

1. Colorado beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata)                        
1951

2. Potato root eelworm (Heterodera rostochiensis)                     
1951

3. San Jose scale (Aspidiotus perniciosus)                            
1951

4. Potato wart disease (Synchytrium endobioticum)                     
1951

5. Insect, fungus and rodent pests of stored foods, and 
rodent pests of crops (hitherto the concern of the 
European Working Party on Infestation Control) 
                                                                      
1951

6. Fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea)                                    
1952