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Thematic Guide to Integrated Assessment Modeling




Following development of IMAGE 1.0, a more comprehensive model called ESCAPE (the Evaluation of Strategies to address Climate change by Adapting to and Preventing Emissions) was developed jointly by researchers from RIVM, the Dutch Institute for Environment and Public Health, the Climatic Research Unit of East Anglia, and Oxford University, and coordinated by the consulting firm ERL (subsequently ERM) with support from the EC Environment Directorate (Commission of the European Communities 1992 ; Rotmans, Hulme, and Downing 1994).

ESCAPE contains four world regions (the EC, the rest of OECD, the former Warsaw Pact, and the rest of the world) and separate modules for emissions, atmospheric chemistry and dynamics, and impacts. The emissions component, derived from IMAGE 1.0 (Integrated Model to Assess the Greenhouse Effect) by RIVM researchers, contains separate subunits for energy-economics, land use, and halocarbons, and allows the user to specify time-paths for emission coefficients of multiple gases at extremely high resolution: specific technologies in individual industries, defined by emissions, cost, date available, and levels of market penetration.

These emissions models are coupled to an atmospheric chemistry and dynamics module and to an impacts model, CLIMAPS, which generates detailed regional temperature and precipitation estimates for Europe from global temperature changes and presents results graphically in a series of high-resolution maps of European climates and ecosystems, similar to those presented by RAINS for acid deposition levels.

Model availability and additional information on ESCAPE can be obtained by contacting either of the following:

Climatic Research Unit ATTN: Mike Hulme
School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia
Norwich NR4 7TJ

Global Dynamics Department
ATTN: Jan Rotmans
National Institute for Public Health and Environmental Protection (RIVM)
P.O. Box 1
3720 BA Bilthoven


The next section is IMAGE 2.0.





Parson, E.A. and K. Fisher-Vanden, Searching for Integrated Assessment: A Preliminary Investigation of Methods, Models, and Projects in the Integrated Assessment of Global Climatic Change. Consortium for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). University Center, Mich. 1995.


Suggested Citation

Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). 1995. Thematic Guide to Integrated Assessment Modeling of Climate Change [online]. Palisades, NY: CIESIN. Available at [accessed DATE].



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