Data and Applications Center
Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion 1998 Assessment
Amon, R.M.W. and Benner, R. 1996. Photochemical and microbial consumption of dissolved organic carbon and dissolved oxygen in the Amazon River system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60:1783-1792.
Andreae, M.O., Berresheim, H., Andreae, T.W., Kritz, M.A., Bates, T.S. and Merrill, J.T. 1988. Vertical distribution of dimethyl sulfide, sulfur dioxide, aerosol ions and radon over the north-east Pacific Ocean. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 6:149-173.
Ankley, G.T., Collyard, S.A., Monson, P.D. and Kosian, P.A. 1994. Influence of ultraviolet light on the toxicity of sediments contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 11:1791-1796.
Ankley, G.T., Erickson, R.J., Phipps, G.L., Mattson, V.R., Kosian, P.A., Sheedy, B.R. and Cox, J.S. 1995. Effects of light intensity on the phototoxicity of fluoranthene to a benthic macroinvertebrate. Environmental Science and Technology 29:2828-2833.
Arrigo, K.R. and Brown, C.W. 1996. Impact of chromophoric dissolved organic matter on UV inhibition of primary productivity in the sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 140:207-216.
Atkinson, R. 1989. Kinetics and mechanisms of the gas-phase reactions of the hydroxyl radical with organic compounds. Journal of Physical & Chemical Reference Data, Monograph 1:171-187.
Atlas, E., Lueb, R., Madronich, S., Prezelin, B. and Smith, R. 1994. Dissolved trace gas measurements and UV effects near the Antarctic Peninsula during ICECOLORS ’93. EOS Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 75:377.
Ayers, G.P. and Gras, J.L. 1991. Seasonal relationships between cloud condensation nuclei and aerosol methane sulphonate in marine air. Nature 353:834-835.
Bates, T.S., Charlson, R.J. and Gammon, R.H. 1987. Evidence for the climatic role of marine biogenic sulphur. Nature 329:319-321.
Bates, T.S., Kelly, K.C., Johnson, J.E. and Gammon, R.H. 1995. Regional and seasonal variations in the flux of oceanic carbon monoxide to the atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research 100:23093-23102.
Bates, T.S., Lamb, B.K., Guenther, A., Dignon, J., and Stoiber, R.E. 1992. Sulfur emissions to the atmosphere from natural sources. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 14:315-337.
Björn, L.O., Callaghan, T.V., Gehrke, C., Johanson, U., Sonesson, M. and Gwynn-Jones, D. 1998. The problem of ozone depletion in northern Europe. Ambio (in press).
Blough, N.V. and Green, S.A. 1994. Spectroscopic characterization and remote sensing of non-living organic matter. In Role Of Non-Living Organic Matter in the Earth’s Carbon Cycle, Zepp, R. G. and Sonntag, C. (eds.), Wiley, New York, pp. 42-57.
Blough, N.V. and Zepp, R.G. 1995. Reactive oxygen species in natural waters. In Active oxygen: Reactive oxygen species in chemistry, Foote, C.S. et al. (eds), Chapman and Hall, pp. 280-333.
Boers, R., Ayers, P. and Gras, J.L. 1994. Coherence between seasonal variation in satellite-derived cloud optical depth and boundary layer CCN concentrations at a mid-latitude Southern Hemisphere station. Tellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology 46(N2):123-131.
Broadgate, W.J., Liss, P.S, and Penkett, S.A. 1997. Seasonal emissions of isoprene and other reactive hydrocarbon gases from the ocean. Geophysical Research Letters 24:2675-2678.
Bushaw, K.L., Zepp, R.G., Tarr, M.A., Schulz-Jander, D., Bourbonniere, R.A., Hodson, R.E., Miller, W.L., Bronk, D.A., Moran, M.A. 1996. Photochemical release of biologically available nitrogen from dissolved organic matter. Nature 381:404-407.
Charlson, R.J., Lovelock, J.E., Andreae, M.O., Warren S.G. 1987. Oceanic phytoplankton, atmospheric sulfur, cloud albedo and climate. Nature 326:655-661.
Chin, M. and Davis, D.D. 1995. A reanalysis of carbonyl sulfide as a source of statospheric background sulfur aerosols. Journal of Geophysical Research 100(D):8993-9005.
Corin, N., Backlund, P. and Kulovaara, M. 1996. Degradation products formed during UV-irradiation of humic waters. Chemosphere 33:245-255.
Cullen, J.J. and Neale, P.J. 1994. Ultraviolet radiation, ozone depletion, and marine photosynthesis, Photosynthesis Research 39:303-320.
Dacey, J.W. and Wakeham, S.G. 1986.Oceanic dimethylsulfide: Production during zooplankton grazing on phytoplankton. Science 233:1314-1316.
Dahlén, J., Bertilsson, S. and Pettersson, C. 1996. Effects of UV-A irradiation on dissolved organic matter in humic surface waters. Environment International. 22:501-506.
Degrandpre, M.D., Vodacek, A., Nelson, R.K., Bruce, E.J. and Blough, N.V. 1996. Seasonal seawater optical properties of the U.S. Middle Atlantic Bight. Journal of Geophysical Research 101:22727-22736.
Elliot, S., E. Lu, E. and Rowland, F.S. 1989. Rates and mechanisms for hydrolysis of carbonyl sulfide in natural waters. Environmental Science and Technology 23:458- 461.
Erickson, D.J. III. 1989. Ocean to atmosphere carbon monoxide flux: Global inventory and climate implications. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 3:305-314.
Erickson, D.J. III and Eaton, B. E. 1993. Global biogeochemical cycling estimates with CZCS satellite data and general circulation models. Geophysical Research. Letters 20:683-686.
Flöck, O.R. and Andreae, M.O. 1996. Photochemical and non-photochemical formation and destruction of carbonyl sulfide and methyl sulfide in ocean waters. Marine Chemistry 54:11-26. Fl` ck
Frimmel, F. H. 1994. Photochemical aspects related to humic substances. Environment International 20:373-385.
Gao, H. and Zepp, R.G. 1998. Factors influencing photoreactions of dissolved organic matter in a coastal river of the southeastern United States. Environmental Science and Technology 32:2940-2946.
Gehrke C., Johanson, U., Callaghan, T.V., Chadwick, D. and Robinson, C.H. 1995. The impact of enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation on litter quality and decomposition processes in Vaccinium leaves from the Subarctic. Oikos 72:213-222.
Gehrke C., Johanson U., Gwynn-Jones D., Björn, L.O., Lee, J.A., Callaghan T.V, and Sonesson, M. 1996. Single and interactive effects of enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation and increased atmospheric CO2 on terrestrial sub-arctic ecosystems. In Plant Ecology in the Sub-arctic Swedish Lapland. Ecological Bulletins, Karlsson, P.S. and Callaghan, T.V. (eds.), 45:192-203.
Granéli, W., Lindell, M. and Tranvik, L. 1996. Photooxidative production of dissolved inorganic carbon in lakes of different humic content. Limnology and Oceanography 41:698-706.
Griffith, D.W.T., Jones, N.B. and Matthews, W.A. 1998. Interhemispheric ratio and annual cycle of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) total column fro ground-based solar FTIR spectra. Journal of Geophysical Research D 103:8447-8454.
Gwynn-Jones, D. and Johanson, U. 1996. Growth and pigment production in two subarctic grass species under four different UV-B irradiation levels. Physiologia Plantarum 97:701-707.
Gwynn-Jones, D., Björn, L.O., Callaghan, T.V., Gehrke, C., Johanson, U., Lee, J.A. and Sonesson, M. 1996. Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation and elevated concentrations of CO2 on a Subarctic heathland. In Carbon Dioxide Populations, and Communities, Körner, C. and FA Bazzaz, F. A. (eds.), Academic Press, pp. 197-207.
Harley, P., Deem, G., Flint, S. and Caldwell, M. 1996. Effects of growth under elevated UV-B on photosynthesis and isoprene emission in Quercus gambelii and Mucuna pruriens. Global Change Biology 2:149-154.
Herndl, G., Müller-Niklas, G. and Frick, J. 1993. Major role of ultraviolet-B in controlling bacterioplankton growth in the surface layer of the ocean. Nature 361:717-719.
Herndl, G.J., Brugger, A., Hager, S., Kaiser, E., Obernosterer, I., Reitner B. and Slezak, D. 1997. Role of ultraviolet-B radiation on bacterioplankton and the availability of dissolved organic matter. Plant Ecology 128:42-51.
Hongve, D. 1994. Sunlight degradation of aquatic humic substances. Acta Hydrochimica Hydrobiologie 3:117-120.
IPCC, Watson, R., Meira-Filho, L.G., Sanhueza, E. and Janetos, A. 1992. Greenhouse gases: Sources and sinks. Chapter A1, In Climate Change 1992: Supplementary Report to the IPCC Scientific Assessment, Houghton, J.T. Callander, B.A. and Varney, S.K. (eds.), pp. 28-46.
Jeffrey, W.H., Pledger, R.J., Aas P., Hager, S., Coffin, R.B., Vonhaven, R. and Mitchell, D.L. 1996a. Diel and depth profiles of DNA photodamage in bacterioplankton exposed to ambient solar ultraviolet radiation. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 137:283-291.
Jeffrey, W.H., Aas P., Lyons, M.M., Coffin, R.B., Pledger, R.J. and Mitchell, D.L. 1996b. Ambient solar-radiation induced photodamage in marine bacterioplankton. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:419-427.
Jørgensen, N.O.G., Tranvik, L., Edling, H., Granéli, W. and Lindell, M. 1998. Effects of sunlight on occurrence and bacterial turnover of specific carbon and nitrogen compounds in lake water. FEMS Microbology Ecology 25:217-227.
Kaiser, E. and Herndl, G.J. 1997. Rapid recovery of marine bacterioplankton activity after inhibition by UV radiation in coastal waters. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63:4026-4031.
Karentz, D., Bothwell, M.L., Coffin, R.B., Hanson, A., Herndl, G.J., Kilham, S.S., Lesser, M.P., Lindell, M., Moeller, R.E., Morris, D.P., Neale, P.J., Sanders, R.W.,Weiler, C.S. and Wetzel, R.G. 1994. Impact of UV-B radiation on pelagic freshwater ecosystems: report of working group on bacteria and phytoplankton. Archive fur Hydrobiologie 43:31-69.
Keller, M.D., Bellows, W.K. and Guillard, R.R.L. 1989. A survey of dimethyl sulfide production in 12 classes of marine phytoplankton, In E. Saltzman and W. Cooper (eds.) Biogenic Sulfur in the Environment, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., pp. 167-182.
Kieber, D.J., Jiao, J., Kiene, R.P. and Bates, T.S. 1996. Impact of dimethylsulfide photochemistry on methyl sulfur cycling in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research 101:3715-3722.
Kilronomos, J.N. and Allen, M.F., 1996. UV-B mediated changes on below-ground communities associated with the roots of Acer saccharum. Functional Ecology 9:923-930.
Kirk, J.T.O. 1994. Optics of UV-B radiation in natural waters. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 43:1-16.
Kirk, J.T.O. 1994. Light and Photosynthesis in Aquatic Ecosystems, Cambridge University Press, New York, pp. 46-84.
Kjellstrvm, E. 1998. A three-dimensional global model study of carbonyl sulfide in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 29:151-177.
Leavitt, P.R., R.D. Vinebrooke, R.D. Donald, D.R., Smol, J.P. and Schindler, D.W. 1997. Past ultraviolet radiation environments in lakes derived from fossil pigments. Nature 388:457-459.
Lindell, J.J., Granéli, W. and Tranvik, L.J. 1995. Enhanced bacterial growth in response to photochemical transformation of dissolved organic matter. Limnology and Oceanography 40:195-199.
Lindell, J.J., Granéli, W. and Tranvik, L.J. 1996. Effects of sunlight on bacterial growth in lakes of different humic content. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 11:135-141.
Liss, P and Duce, R. 1996. The Sea Surface and Global Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Miller, W.L. and Zepp, R.G. 1995. Photochemical production of dissolved inorganic carbon from terrestrial organic matter: significance to the oceanic organic carbon cycle. Geophysical Research Letters 22:417-420.
Miller, W.L. and Moran, M.A. 1997. Interaction of photochemical and microbial processes in the degradation of refractory dissolved organic matter from a coastal marine environment. Limnology and Oceanography 42:1317-1324.
Moody, S.A., Ineson, P., Ayres, P.G. and Paul, N.D.1998. Effect of elevated ultraviolet-B radiation (290-320 nm) on the chemical quality and decomposition of Rubus chamaemorus and Calluna vulgaris. submitted
Moorhead, D. and Callaghan, T.V. 1994. Effects of increasing UV-B radiation on decomposition and soil organic matter dynamics: a synthesis and modeling study. Biology and Fertility of Soils 18:19-26.
Moran, M.A. and Hodson, R.E. 1994. Dissolved humic substances of vascular plant origin in a coastal marine environment. Limnology & Oceanography 39:762-771.
Moran, M.A. and Zepp, R.G. 1997. Role of photoreactions in the formation of biologically labile compounds from dissolved organic matter. Limnology and Oceanography 42:1307-1316.
Morris, D.P. and Hargreaves, B.R. 1997. The role of photochemical degradation of dissolved organic matter in regulating UV transparency of three lakes on the Pocono Plateau. Limnology and Oceanography 42:239-249.
Mullerniklas, G., Heissenberger, A., Puskaric, S. and Herndl, G.J. 1995. Ultraviolet-B radiation and bacterial metabolism in coastal waters. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 9:111-116.
Naganuma, T., Konishi, T., Inoue, T., Nakane, T. and Sukizaki, S. 1996. Photodegradation or photoalteration? Microbial assay of dissolved organic matter. Marine Ecology Progress Series 135:309-310.
Najjar, R.G., Erickson, D.J. III, and Madronich, S. 1995. Modeling the air-sea fluxes of gases formed from the decomposition of dissolved organic matter: carbonyl sulfide and carbon monoxide, In Role Of Non-Living Organic Matter in the Earth’s Carbon Cycle, Zepp, R.G. and Sonntag, C. (eds.), Wiley, pp. 107-132.
Neale, P.J., Davis, R.F. and Cullen, J.J. 1998b. Interactive effects of ozone depletion and vertical mixing on photosynthesis of Antarctic phytoplankton. Nature 392:585-589.
Nelson, J.R. and Guarda, S. 1995. Particulate and dissolved spectral absorption on the continental shelf of the southeastern United States. Journal of Geophysical Research 100:8715-8732.
Newsham, K.K., Low, M.N.R., McLeod, A.R., Greenslade, P.D. and Emmett, B.A. 1997a. Ultraviolet-B radiation influences the abundance and distribution of phylloplane fungi on pedunculate oak (Quercus robur). New Phytologist 136:287-297.
Newsham, K.K., McLeod, A.R., Roberts, J.D., Greenslade, P.D. and Emmett, B.A. 1997b. Direct effects of elevated UV-B radiation on the decomposition of Quercus robur leaf litter. Oikos 79:592-602.
Opsahl, S. and Benner, R. 1997. Distribution and cycling of terrigenous dissolved organic matter in the ocean. Nature 386:480-482.
Peng, T.-H. 1992. Possible effects of ozone depletion on the global carbon cycle. Radiocarbon 34:772-779.
Pomeroy, L.R. and Wiebe, W. J. 1988. Energetics of microbial food webs. Hydrobiologia 159:7-18.
Pos, W.H., Riemer, D.H. and Zika, R.G. 1998. Carbonyl sulfide (OCS) and carbon monoxide (CO) in natural waters:evidence of a coupled production pathway. Marine Chemistry 62:89-101.
Prézelin, B.P., Moline, M.A. and Matlick, H.A. 1998. ICECOLORS ’93: Spectral UV radiation effects on Antarctic frazil ice algae. In Antarctic Sea Ice Biological Processes,Interactions, and Variability, Antarctic Research Series 73, Lizotte, M.P. and Arrigo, K.R. (eds.), American Geophysical Union, pp. 45-83.
Reitner, B., Herndl, G.J. and Herzig, A. 1997. Role of ultraviolet-B radiation on photochemical and microbial oxygen consumption in a humic rich shallow lake. Limnology and Oceanography 42:950-960.
Riemer, D.D., Pos, W.H., Milne, P. J. and Zika, R.G., Photochemical production rates on non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) in seawater: Relation to dissolved organic matter (DOM). Journal of Geophysical Research, submitted.
Robinson, C., Michelsen, A., Lee, J.A., Whitehead, S.J., Callaghan, T.V., Press, M.C. and Jonasson, S. 1997. Elevated CO2 affects decomposition of Festuca Vivipara ( L) sM. litter and roots in experiments simulating environmental change in two contrasting arctic ecosystems. Global Change Biology 3:37-49.
Rozema, J., Tosserams, M., Nelissen, H.J.M., van Heerwaarden, I., Broekman, R.A. and Flierman, N. 1997a. Stratospheric ozone reduction and ecosystem processes: enhanced UV-B radiation affects chemical quality and decomposition of leaves of the dune grassland species Calamagrsotis epigeios. Plant Ecology 128:284-94.
Rozema, J., van de Staaij, J., Björn, L.O. and Caldwell, M. 1997b. UV-B as an environmental factor in plant life: stress and regulation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12:22-28.
Salonen, K. and Vähätalo, A. 1994. Photochemical mineralization of dissolved organic matter in Lake Skjervatjern. Environment International 20:307-312.
Schade, G.W., Hofmann, R.M. and Crutzen, P.J., 1997. Emissions from degrading grass biomass in a South African savanna, and estimate of a global CO source strength of photochemically induced CO emissions from degrading plant matter. EOS Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 78:1023.
Schindler, D.W., Curtis, J.P., Parker, B.R. and Stainton, M.P. 1996. Consequences of climate warming and lake acidification for UV-B penetration in North American boreal lakes. Nature 379:705-708.
Siegel, D.A. and Dickey, T.D. 1987. Observations of the vertical structure of the diffuse attenuation coefficient spectrum. Deep Sea Research 34:547-563.
Siegel, D.A. and Michaels, A.F. 1996. Quantification of non-algal light attenuation in the Sargasso Sea: Implications for biogeochemistry and remote sensing, Deep-Sea Research II 43:321-346.
Sinha, R.P., Lebert, M., Kumar, H.D. and Haeder, D.P. 1995. Disintegration of phycobilisomes in a rice field cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. following UV irradiation. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International 37:697-706.
Smith, R.C., Prezelin, B.B., Baker, K.S., Bidigare, R.R., Boucher, N.P., Coley, T., Karentz, D., MacIntyre, S., Matlick, H.A., Menzies, D., Onderusek, M., Wan Z., and Waters K.J. 1992. Ozone depletion: Ultraviolet radiation and phytoplankton biology in Antarctic waters. Science 255:952-959.
Smith, R.C. and Cullen, J.J. 1995. Effects of UV radiation on phytoplankton. Reviews of Geophysics Supplement:1211-1223.
Springer-Young, M., Erickson, D.J. III, and Carsey, T. 1996. Carbon monoxide gradients in the marine boundary layer of the Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research 101(D):4479-4484.
Tarr, M.A., Miller, W.L. and Zepp, R.G. 1995. Direct photoproduction of carbon monoxide from plant matter. Journal of Geophysical Research 100(D):11,403-11,413.
Thomas, D.N. and Lara, R.J. 1995. Photodegradation of algal derived dissolved organic carbon. Marine Ecology Progress Series 116:309-310.
Tosserams, M. and Rozema, J. 1995. Effects of ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B) on growth and physiology of the dune grassland species Calamagrostis epigeios. Environmental Pollution 89:209-214.
Tranvik, L. and Kokalj, S. 1998. Decreased biodegradability of algal DOC due to interactive effects of UV radiation and humic matter. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 14:301-307.
Twomey, S. 1977. Atmospheric Aerosols. Elsevier. New York. 301p.
Uher, G. and Andreae, M.O. 1997. Photochemical production of carbonyl sulfide in North Sea water: a process study. Limnology and Oceanography 42:432-442.
Ulshofer, U.S., Uher, G., Andreae, M.O. 1995. Evidence for a winter sink of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide in the northeast Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters 22:2601-2604.
Uralets, T.I. 1991. Field study of the effect of long term UV-B irradiation on the nitrogen-fixing ability of soil. Kosmicheskaya Biologiya 1 Aviakosmicheskaya Meditsina 25:15-17.
Vaughan, P. and N.V. Blough, N.V. 1998. Photoproduction of hydroxyl radicals from dissolved organic carbon. Environmental Science and Technology accepted.
Vodacek, A., Degrandpre, M.D., Peltzer, E.D., Nelson, R.K. and Blough, N.V. 1997. Seasonal variation of CDOM and DOC in the Middle Atlantic Bight: terrestrial inputs and photooxidation. Limnology and Oceanography 42:674-686.
Voelker, B.M. and Sulzberger, B. 1996. Effects of fulvic acid on Fe(II) oxidation by hydrogen peroxdie. Environmental Science and Technology 30:1106-1114.
Voelker, B.M., Morel, F.M.N., Sulzberger, B. 1997. Iron redox cycling in surface waters: Effects of humic substances and light. Environmental Science and Technology 31:104-1011.
Weih, M., Johanson, U. and Gwynn-Jones, D., 1998. Growth and nitrogen utilization in seedlings of mountain birch (Betula pubescens ssp. tortuosa) as affected by ultraviolet radiation (UV-A and UV-B) under laboratory and outdoor conditions. Tree, Function and Structure (in press).
Weinbauer, M.G., Wilhelm, S.W., Suttle, C.A., Garza, D.R. 1997. Photoreactivation of ultraviolet-radiation induced DNA damage is a major process controlling viral infectivity in the sea. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63:2200-2205.
Weiss, P.S., Andrews, S.S., Johnson, J.E., Zafiriou, O.C. 1995a. Photoproduction of carbonyl sulfide in South Pacific Ocean waters as a function of irradiation wavelength. Geophysical Research Letters 22:215-218.
Weiss, P.S.; Johnson, J.E.; Gammon, R.H.; Bates, T.S. 1995b. Reevaluation of the open ocean source of carbonyl sulfide to the atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research 100(D):23,083-23,092.
Wetzel, R.G., 1992. Gradient-dominated ecosystems: sources and regulatory functions of dissolved organic matter in freshwater ecosystems. Hydrobiologia 229:181-198.
Wetzel, R.G., Hatcher, P.G. and Bianchi, T.S. 1995. Natural photolysis by ultraviolet irradiance of recalcitrant dissolved organic matter to simple substrates for rapid bacterial metabolism. Limnology and Oceanography 40:1369-1380.
Wilhelm, S.W.,Weinbauer, M.G., Suttle, C.A., Jeffrey W.H. 1998. The role of sunlight in the removal and repair of viruses in the sea. Limnology and Oceanography 43:586-592.
Williamson, C.E., Stemberger, R.S., Morris, D.P., Frost, T.M. and Paulsen, S.G. 1996. Ultraviolet radiation in North American lakes: attenuation estimates from DOC measurements and implication for plankton communities. Limnology and Oceanography 41:1024-1034.
Zafiriou, O.C., Voelker, B.M. and Sedlak, D.L. 1998. Chemistry of the superoxide radical (O2-) in seawater: Reactions with inorganic copper complexes. Journal of Physical Chemistry A 102:5693-5700.
Zepp, R.G. and Andreae, M.O. 1994. Factors affecting the photochemical formation of carbonyl sulfide in seawater. Geophysical Research Letters 21:2812-2816.
Zepp, R.G., Callaghan, T.V. and Erickson, D. 1994. Effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on biogeochemical cycles. In Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion, van der Leun, J.C., Tevini, M., Teramura, A.H. (eds), United Nations Environment Programme Publication, ISBN 92 807 1245 4, pp. 79-93.
Zepp, R.G., Callaghan, T.V. and Erickson, D.J. 1995. Effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on biogeochemical cycles. Ambio 24(3):181-187.
Zepp, R.G., Miller, W.L., Burke, R.A., Parsons, D.A.B. and Scholes, M.C. 1996. Effects of moisture and burning on soil-atmosphere exchange of trace carbon gases in a southern African savanna. Journal of Geophysical Research 101(D):23,699-23,706.
Zepp, R.G., Miller, W.L., Tarr, M.A. and Burke, R. A. 1997. Soil-atmosphere fluxes of carbon monoxide during early stages of post-fire succession in upland Canadian boreal forests. Journal of Geophysical Research 102(D26), 25,665-25,674.
Zhang, L., Walsh, R.S. and Cutter, G.A. 1998. Estuarine cycling of carbonyl sulfide: production and sea-air flux. Marine Chemistry 61:127-142.
Zuo, Y. and Jones, R.D. 1995. Formation of carbon monoxide
by photolysis of dissolved marine organic material and its significance
in the carbon cycling of the oceans. Naturwissenschaften 82:472-474.
|Copyright © 1997||For more information about CIESIN and our activities contact CIESIN User Services. E-mail: email@example.com. Tel.: (914) 365-8988|